Sedation and Analgesia in Mechanical Ventilation

  • Luigi Vivona
  • Maria Vargas
  • Giuseppe Servillo


Patients who require mechanical ventilation suffer discomfort and stress due to the limited communication, constricted positions, and the primary medical or surgical condition. Sedation and analgesia are important factors in patient treatment and recovery, and different tools evaluate pain and sedation management. A correct use of sedative and analgesic drugs is fundamental for the best patient outcome and reduces hospital length of stay.



Behavior Pain Scale


Care Pain Observation Tool


γ-aminobutyric acid




Numeric Pain Scale


Propofol-related infusion syndrome


Ramsay Sedation Scale


Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale


Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale Palliative


Sedation Agitation Scale


Society of Critical Care Medicine


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luigi Vivona
    • 1
  • Maria Vargas
    • 1
  • Giuseppe Servillo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive and Odontostomatological SciencesUniversity of Naples “Federico II”NaplesItaly

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