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Sedation and Analgesia in Mechanical Ventilation

  • Luigi Vivona
  • Maria Vargas
  • Giuseppe Servillo
Chapter

Abstract

Patients who require mechanical ventilation suffer discomfort and stress due to the limited communication, constricted positions, and the primary medical or surgical condition. Sedation and analgesia are important factors in patient treatment and recovery, and different tools evaluate pain and sedation management. A correct use of sedative and analgesic drugs is fundamental for the best patient outcome and reduces hospital length of stay.

Abbreviations

BPS

Behavior Pain Scale

CPOT

Care Pain Observation Tool

GABA

γ-aminobutyric acid

IV

intravenously

NPS

Numeric Pain Scale

PRIS

Propofol-related infusion syndrome

RSS

Ramsay Sedation Scale

RASS

Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale

RASS-PAL

Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale Palliative

SAS

Sedation Agitation Scale

SCCM

Society of Critical Care Medicine

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luigi Vivona
    • 1
  • Maria Vargas
    • 1
  • Giuseppe Servillo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive and Odontostomatological SciencesUniversity of Naples “Federico II”NaplesItaly

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