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NIV After Cardiothoracic Surgery and Thoracic Surgery

  • Juan Carlos Lopez-Delgado
  • Gabriel Jesús Moreno-Gonzalez
  • Renzo Esteve Avila-Espinoza
Chapter

Abstract

Postoperative pulmonary complications are frequent and entail worst outcomes when they occur after cardiothoracic and thoracic surgery. Non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) may potentially help to reduce the impact of such complications, or even prevent the progression towards severe acute respiratory failure. In this chapter, we examine the current use of NIV and the potential recommendations for its use in this setting.

Abbreviations

ARF

Acute respiratory failure

BiPAP

Bi-level positive airway pressure

COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

CPAP

Continuous positive airway pressure

ICU

Intensive care unit

NIV

Non-invasive mechanical ventilation

PaO2/FiO2

Partial arterial pressure of oxygen/fraction of inspired oxygen

PPCs

Postoperative pulmonary complications

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juan Carlos Lopez-Delgado
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gabriel Jesús Moreno-Gonzalez
    • 1
    • 2
  • Renzo Esteve Avila-Espinoza
    • 1
  1. 1.Intensive Care DepartmentHospital Universitari de BellvitgeBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Clinical Research (Innate Immunity and Pathology of the Critically Ill Patient Group) at IDIBELL (Biomedical Investigation Institute of Bellvitge)BarcelonaSpain

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