NIV After Cardiothoracic Surgery and Thoracic Surgery

  • Juan Carlos Lopez-Delgado
  • Gabriel Jesús Moreno-Gonzalez
  • Renzo Esteve Avila-Espinoza


Postoperative pulmonary complications are frequent and entail worst outcomes when they occur after cardiothoracic and thoracic surgery. Non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) may potentially help to reduce the impact of such complications, or even prevent the progression towards severe acute respiratory failure. In this chapter, we examine the current use of NIV and the potential recommendations for its use in this setting.



Acute respiratory failure


Bi-level positive airway pressure


Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease


Continuous positive airway pressure


Intensive care unit


Non-invasive mechanical ventilation


Partial arterial pressure of oxygen/fraction of inspired oxygen


Postoperative pulmonary complications


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juan Carlos Lopez-Delgado
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gabriel Jesús Moreno-Gonzalez
    • 1
    • 2
  • Renzo Esteve Avila-Espinoza
    • 1
  1. 1.Intensive Care DepartmentHospital Universitari de BellvitgeBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Clinical Research (Innate Immunity and Pathology of the Critically Ill Patient Group) at IDIBELL (Biomedical Investigation Institute of Bellvitge)BarcelonaSpain

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