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Acute Chronic Insufficiency

  • María Sevilla Martínez
  • Lorena Olivencia Peña
  • Alberto Fernández Carmona
Chapter

Abstract

The profile of the patient is changing, they are older and with more comorbidity, probably not candidates for invasive measures. This explains that use of NIV has spread in recent years in elderly patients with respiratory failure.

Use of NIV reduces the need for Endotracheal Intubation (ETI), improves survival, and induces a faster resolution of respiratory distress compared to standard medical therapy although it depends on the etiology of respiratory failure.

Abbreviations

ACPE

Acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema

ARI

Acute respiratory insufficiency

CHF

Congestive heart failure

COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

DNI

Do not intubate

ETI

Endotracheal intubation

ICU

Intensive care unit

NIV

Non-invasive ventilation

PEEP

Positive pressure at the end of the expiration

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • María Sevilla Martínez
    • 1
  • Lorena Olivencia Peña
    • 1
  • Alberto Fernández Carmona
    • 1
  1. 1.Intensive Care UnitHospital Universitario Virgen de las NievesGranadaSpain

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