Acute Chronic Insufficiency
The profile of the patient is changing, they are older and with more comorbidity, probably not candidates for invasive measures. This explains that use of NIV has spread in recent years in elderly patients with respiratory failure.
Use of NIV reduces the need for Endotracheal Intubation (ETI), improves survival, and induces a faster resolution of respiratory distress compared to standard medical therapy although it depends on the etiology of respiratory failure.
Acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema
Acute respiratory insufficiency
Congestive heart failure
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Do not intubate
Intensive care unit
Positive pressure at the end of the expiration
- 8.Kacmarek R. Should noninvasive ventilation be used with the do-not-intubate patient? Respir Care. 2009;54(2):223–9.Google Scholar