Advertisement

Management of Root-Knot Nematode in Different Crops Using Microorganisms

  • Aastha Singh
  • Pankaj Sharma
  • Anju Kumari
  • Rakesh KumarEmail author
  • D. V. Pathak
Chapter

Abstract

Root-knot nematodes are severe pests that affect a wide variety of crops. These nematodes are controlled by various types of nematicides that have hazardous effects on the environment. Hence, identification of new approaches alternate to harmful chemical nematicides could be effective in controlling root knot nematodes. Conventional control measures use soil fumigants, but they have certain limitations. Being chemical in nature and cost-effective, they pose severe economic concerns. Besides, they have a broad-spectrum range by harming nontarget species. This raised a question regarding the biosafety of sustainable environment posed by hazardous chemicals. Application of plant-derived products is an effective eco-friendly approach to mitigate the infestations caused by nematodes in different crops.

Keywords

Root-knot nematode Nematicide Methyl bromide Fumigant Actinomycetes 

References

  1. Ali SS, Sharma SB (2002) Distribution and importance of plant parasitic nematodes associated with chickpea in Rajasthan state. Indian J Pulses Res 15:57–65Google Scholar
  2. Bhuiyan SA, Garlick K, Anderson JM et al (2018) Biological control of root-knot nematode on sugarcane in soil naturally or artificially infested with Pasteuria penetrans. Australas Plant Pathol 47:45–52.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13313-017-0530-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bontempo AF, Fernandes RH, Lopes J, Freitas LG, Lopes EA (2014) Pochonia chlamydosporia controls Meloidogyne incognita on carrot. Aust Plant Pathol 43:421–424CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Borah B, Ahmed R, Hussain M et al (2018) Suppression of root-knot disease in Pogostemon cablin caused by Meloidogyne incognita in a rhizobacteria mediated activation of phenylpropanoid pathway. Biol Control 119:43–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Castagnone-Sereno P (2002) Genetic variability in parthenogenetic root-knot nematodes, Meloidogyne spp., and their ability to overcome plant resistance genes. Nematology 4:605–608.  https://doi.org/10.1163/15685410260438872 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Castillo GX, Ozores-Hampton M, Navia Gine PA (2017) Effects of fluensulfone combined with soil fumigation on root-knot nematodes and fruit yield of drip-irrigated fresh-market tomatoes. Crop Prot 98:166–171.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2017.03.029 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Charchar JM, Eisenback JD, Vieira JV, Fonseca-Boiteux MEDN, Boiteux LS (2009) Meloidogyne polycephannulata n. sp.(Nematoda: Meloidogynidae), a root-knot nematode parasitizing carrot in Brazil. J Nematol 41:174–186PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. Chirchir AK, Kimenju JW, Olubayo FM et al (2008) Abundance and distribution of plant parasitic nematodes associated with sugarcane in Western Kenya. Asian J Plant Pathol 2:48–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Eissa MFM, El-Gindi AY, Abd-Elgawad MM, Ismail AE, El-Nagdi WA (2005) Application of some bioagents and oxamyl in controlling Meloidogyne incognita, Helicotylenchus exallus and Criconemoides spp. infesting banana cv. Williams. Pak J Biotechnol 2(1–2):70–79Google Scholar
  10. El-Nagdi WMA, Abd El-Khair H, El-Ghonaimy AM (2015) Field application of biological control on root-knot nematode and Fusarium root rot fungus in banana cv. grand naine. Middle East J Agr Res 04(3):545–554Google Scholar
  11. Esnard J, Marban MN, Zuckerman BM (1998) Effects of three microbial broth cultures and an organic amendment on growth and populations of free living and plant-parasitic nematodes on banana. Eur J Plant Pathol 104:457–463CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Haque Z, Khan MR, Ahamad F (2018) Relative antagonistic potential of some rhizosphere biocontrol agents for the management of rice root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne graminicola. Biol Control 126:109–116.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2018.07.018 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Huang Y, Xu C, Ma L, Zhang K, Duan C, Mo M (2010) Characterization of volatiles produced from Bacillus megaterium YFM 3.25 and their nematicidal activity against Meloidogyne incognita. Eur J Plant Pathol 26:417–422CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Huang WK, Cui JK, Liu SM, Kong LA, Wu QS, Peng H, He WT, Sun JH, Peng DL (2016) Testing various biocontrol agents against the root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) in cucumber plants identifies a combination of Syncephalastrum racemosum and Paecilomyces lilacinus as being most effective. Biol Control 92:31–37.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2015.09.008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jacobs H, Gray SN, Crump DH (2003) Interactions between nematophagous fungi and consequences for their potential as biological agents for the control of potato cyst nematodes. Mycol Res 107:47–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kepenekci I, Hazir S, Oksal E, Lewis E (2018) Application methods of Steinernema feltiae, Xenorhabdus bovienii and Purpureocillium lilacinum to control root-knot nematodes in greenhouse tomato systems. Crop Prot 108:31–38.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2018.02.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Khan AA, Siddiqui MA (2005) Status of root- knot nematodes in U.P. India. In: Nehra S (ed) Plant microbes and biotechnology. Pointer Pub, Jaipur, pp 209–226Google Scholar
  18. Khan Z, Kim YH, Kim SG, Kim HW (2007) Observations on the suppression of root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne arenaria) on tomato by incorporation of cyanobacterial powder (Oscillatoria chlorina) into potting field soil. Bioresour Technol 98:69–73.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2005.11.029 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Khan Z, Tiyagi SA, Mahmood I, Rizvi R (2012) Effect of N fertilisation, organic matter and biofertilisers on growth and yield of chilli in relation to management of plant parasitic nematodes. Turk J Bot 36:73–81Google Scholar
  20. Khan MR, Haque Z, Kausar N (2014) Management of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne graminicola infesting rice in the nursery and crop field by integrating seed primingand soil application treatments of pesticides. Crop Prot 63:15–25.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2014.04.024 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Killani AS, Abaidoo RC, Akintokun AK, Abiala MA (2011) Antagonistic effect of indigenous Bacillus subtilis on root soil borne fungal pathogens of cowpea. Researcher 3:11–18Google Scholar
  22. Kumar N, Singh KP (2008) Assessment of predacity and efficacy of Dactylaria brochopaga for biological control of root knot disease of rice (Oryza sativa L.). J Biotech 136:S23.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiotec.2008.07.039 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Le HTT, Padgham JL, Sikora RA (2009) Biological control of the rice root-knot nematode Meloidogyne graminicola on rice, using endophytic and rhizosphere fungi. Int J Pest Manage 55:31–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Ma YY, Li YL, Lai HX et al (2017) Effects of two strains of Streptomyces on root-zone microbes and nematodes for biocontrol of root-knot nematode disease in tomato. Appl Soil Ecol 112:34–41.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2017.01.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mojumder V, Mittal A (2000) Effect of neem seedlings on infestations of Meloidogyne incognita in chickpea. Legum Res 3:195–196Google Scholar
  26. Mokbel AA, Ibrahim IKA, El-Saedy MAM, Hammad SE (2006) Plant parasitic nematodes associated with some fruit trees and vegetable crops in northern Egypt. Egyptian J Phytopathol 34(2):43–51Google Scholar
  27. Moon HS, Khan Z, Kim SG, Son SH, Kim YH (2010) Biological and structural mechanisms of disease development and resistance in chili pepper infected with the root-knot nematode. Plant Pathol J 26:149–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Morgado TDT, Guerra JT, Araujo FFD et al (2015) Effectiveness and persistence of biological control of nematodes in sugarcane. Afr J Agr Res 10:4490–4495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Nagachandrabose S (2018) Liquid bioformulations for the management of root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne hapla that infects carrot. Crop Prot 114:155–161.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2018.08.022 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Nesha R, Siddiqui ZA (2017) Effects of Paecilomyces lilacinus and Aspergillus niger alone and in combination on the growth, chlorophyll contents and soft rot disease complex of carrot. Sci Hortic 218:258–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Noling JW (2016) Nematode management in tomatoes, peppers, and eggplant. UF IFAS Ext:1–14Google Scholar
  32. Oka Y, Koltai H, Bar-Eyal M et al (2000) New strategies for the control of plant-parasitic nematodes. Pest Manag Sci 56:983–988CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Radwan M, Farrag S, Abu-Elamayem M, Ahmed N (2012) Biological control of the root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita on tomato using bioproducts of microbial origin. Appl Soil Ecol 56:58–62.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2012.02.008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Rao M, Kamalnath M, Umamaheswari R et al (2017) Bacillus subtilis IIHR BS-2 enriched vermicompost controls root knot nematode and soft rot disease complex in carrot. Sci Hortic 218:56–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Rehman B, Ganai MA, Parihar K et al (2012) Management of root knot nematode, meloidogyne incognita affecting chickpea, Cicer arietinum for sustainable production. Biosci Int 1:1–5Google Scholar
  36. Ruanpanun P, Tangchitsomkid N, Hyde KD, Lumyong S (2010) Actinomycetes and fungi isolated from plant-parasitic nematode infested soils: screening of the effective biocontrol potential, indole-3-acetic acid and siderophore production. World J Microb Biot 26:1569–1578CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Saikia SK, Tiwari S, Pandey R (2013) Rhizospheric biological weapons for growth enhancement and Meloidogyne incognita management in Withania somnifera cv. Poshita. Biol Control 65:225–234.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2013.01.014 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Sankaranarayanan C, Hari K (2013) Bio-management of root knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica in sugarcane by combined application of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and nematophagous fungi. J Sugar Res 3:62–70Google Scholar
  39. Seenivasan N (2011) Efficacy of Pseudomonas fluorescens and Paecilomyces lilacinus against meloidogyne graminicola infecting rice under system of rice intensification. Arch Phytopathol Plant Prot 44:1467–1482.  https://doi.org/10.1080/03235408.2010.505788 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Sharma IP, Sharma AK (2017) Co-inoculation of tomato with an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus improves plant immunity and reduces root-knot nematode infection. Rhizosphere 4:25–28.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rhisph.2017.05.008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Sikora RA, Fernandez E (2005) Nematode parasites of vegetables. In: Luc M, Sikora RA, Bridge J (eds) Plant parasitic nematodes in subtropical and tropical agriculture, 2nd edn. CABI, Wallingford, pp 319–392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Sowmya DS, Rao MS, Manojkumar R, Gavaskar J, Priti K (2012) Bio-management of Meloidogyne incognita and Erwinia carotovora in carrot (Daucus carota L.) using Pseudomonas putida and Paecilomyces lilacinus. Nematol Mediterr 40:189–194Google Scholar
  43. Stirling GR (2006) Susceptibility of sugarcane varieties to two species of root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne javanica and M. incognita), and implications for crops grown in rotation with sugarcane. Proc Aust Soc Sugarcane Technol 28:345–350Google Scholar
  44. Stirling GR, Blair BL, Pattemore JA, Garside AL, Bell MJ (2001) Changes in nematode populations following fallow, fumigation and crop rotation, and implications for the role of nematodes in yield decline. Australas Plant Pathol 30:323–335CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Varkey S, Anith KN, Narayana R, Aswini S (2018) A consortium of rhizobacteria and fungal endophyte suppress the root-knot nematode parasite in tomato. Rhizosphere 5:38–42.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rhisph.2017.11.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Wheeler WB, Thompson MP, Edelstein RL, Krause RT (1979) Ultrasonic extraction of carbon furon residues from radishes. Bull of Environ Contam Toxicol 21:238–242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Williamson VM, Robert PA (2009) Mechanisms and genetics of resistance. In: Perry RN, Moens M, Starr JL (eds) Root-knot nematodes. CABI, Wallingford, pp 301–325CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Yadav YS, Siddqui AU, Parihar A (2006) Efficacy of oil cakes as seed dressing treatment for the management of root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita affecting chickpea. Indian J Nematol 36:151–152Google Scholar
  49. Zhang F, Gao C, Wang J et al (2017) Coupling sugarcane yield to soil nematodes: implications from different fertilization regimes and growth stages. Agric Ecosyst Environ 247:157–165.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2017.06.020 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Zhou L, Yuen G, Wang Y et al (2016) Evaluation of bacterial biological control agents for control of root-knot nematode disease on tomato. Crop Prot 84:8–13.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2015.12.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Zukerman BM, Esnard J (1994) Biological control of plant nematodes current status and hypothesis. Jpn J Nematol 24:1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aastha Singh
    • 1
  • Pankaj Sharma
    • 1
  • Anju Kumari
    • 2
  • Rakesh Kumar
    • 1
    Email author
  • D. V. Pathak
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyCCS Haryana Agricultural UniversityHisarIndia
  2. 2.Center of Food Science and TechnologyCCS Haryana Agricultural UniversityHisarIndia
  3. 3.Regional Research StationCCS Haryana Agricultural UniversityBawal (Rewadi)India

Personalised recommendations