Effect of Agnihotra Ash on Drug-Resistant Escherichia coli in Water

  • Reshma Tuladhar
  • Bijaya Laxmi Maharjan
  • Supriya Sharma
  • Anjana Singh
  • Ulrich Berk


Agnihotra ash is the product of Agnihotra or Homa fire performed in a copper pyramid exactly at the time of sunrise and sunset using rice, dried cow dung, and clarified butter. Agnihotra was known to enhance growth and physiology of plants and provide beneficial effects on animals. The energy emanating from Agnihotra disseminates a powerful healing effect in the surroundings and the energy is locked in the resultant ash. This ash is used to treat various ailments and known to possess antibacterial properties. Agnihotra ash has been used to purify water and reduce the load of bacteria in water. Multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli were found to be reduced in the water sample when treated with Agnihotra ash. Thus, this can be an area to explore for an alternative to mitigate the water pollution problem.


Agnihotra Plant growth Germination Antibacterial 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reshma Tuladhar
    • 1
  • Bijaya Laxmi Maharjan
    • 1
  • Supriya Sharma
    • 1
  • Anjana Singh
    • 1
  • Ulrich Berk
    • 2
  1. 1.Central Department of MicrobiologyTribhuvan UniversityKirtipur, KathmanduNepal
  2. 2.Deutsche Gesellschaft für Homa-TherapieHaldenhof, MühlingenGermany

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