Safety and Care of Ureteroscopic Instruments

  • Panagiotis Kallidonis
  • Mohammed Alfozan
  • Evangelos Liatsikos


The complex and fragile nature of flexible ureteroscopes leads to issues regarding their reliability and maintenance costs. The durability of ureteroscopes is related not only to their design but also to the technique used by and experience of the operator. The current chapter provides information on how to use, clean, sterilize, and store flexible ureteroscopes in order to avoid costly repairs. The impact of single-use ureteroscopes is also discussed.


Ureteroscopy (URS) Laser Urinary calculi Flexible ureterorenoscopy Urinary tract Endoscopes Disinfection Sterilization Manufacturer’s instructions Durability Instrument handling Deflection Irrigation flow rate Nitinol basket Digital Instrumentation Renal stones Durability Holmium laser Lithotripsy 



Flexible ureteroscopy


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Panagiotis Kallidonis
    • 1
  • Mohammed Alfozan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Evangelos Liatsikos
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of UrologyUniversity Hospital of PatrasPatrasGreece
  2. 2.College of MedicinePrince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz UniversityAl KharjSaudi Arabia

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