Organic and Inorganic Contaminants from E-waste and Their Effects on Environment

  • Deedar NabiEmail author
  • Ayesha Ashfaq
  • Hamza Bin Riaz
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 57)


The environmental footprint of electronic waste is expanding in concert with the rise of electronics industry. There is a need to quantify the area of environmental footprint of e-waste by carefully assessing the types and quantities of contaminants emanating from the e-waste. Proper risk assessment should consider the fate, behavior, and transport of contaminants from e-waste to other environmental compartments such as air, water, and soil. The holistic risk assessment should include the survey of all possible exposure pathways to humans and the environment. A wide variety of electrical and electronic devices contribute to e-waste, and become the source of diverse chemicals leaching into the environment, which cause damage to the environment and to human beings. Persistence, bioaccumulation, and toxicity (PBT) assessment of the chemical released into the environment shows that the pollutants have the attributes of persistence (non-biodegradable with longer environmental half-lives), bioaccumulative, and toxic in nature. The developed world exports a colossal amount of e-waste to developing countries. Pakistan is not an exception to the inward traffic of e-waste. However, the impact assessment studies of e-waste in Pakistan are scarce. Strong measures need to be taken in this direction to tackle this ever-increasing hazard of e-waste to protect humans and the environment from its disastrous effects.


Exposure assessment Organic chemicals E-waste Handling 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Environmental Sciences and Engineering (IESE), National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST)IslamabadPakistan

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