Global Trends of E-waste Pollution and Its Impact on Environment

  • Rida Akram
  • Natasha
  • Ali Ahmad
  • Sibgha Noreen
  • Muhammad Zaffar Hashmi
  • Syeda Riffat Sultana
  • Abdul Wahid
  • Muhammad Mubeen
  • Ali Zakir
  • Amjad Farooq
  • Mazhar Abbas
  • Khurram Shahzad
  • Shah Fahad
  • Shakeel Ahmad
  • Wajid Nasim
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 57)


At the global scale, electronic waste (e-waste) pollution has been considered as a major threat to human health due to its exposure through numerous pathways. The scientific literature regarding potential adverse health effects of e-waste is mainly related to human exposure through ingestion, occupational exposure, or inhalation. However, data regarding the worldwide production and population exposure is much limited. In this chapter, we have summarized the current scientific information regarding the categories of e-waste. The chapter also outlines the handling of e-waste in developed and developing countries and human exposure to e-waste through the various possible routes. Moreover, the contaminations of different environmental media with respect to toxic elements, particularly heavy metals are also discussed. These given studies indicate that e-waste exposure may cause potential human health hazards. Based on this current state of knowledge, strategies can then be proposed to reduce human exposure to e-waste.


Global trends E-waste pollution Impact Environment 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rida Akram
    • 1
  • Natasha
    • 1
  • Ali Ahmad
    • 2
  • Sibgha Noreen
    • 2
  • Muhammad Zaffar Hashmi
    • 3
  • Syeda Riffat Sultana
    • 4
  • Abdul Wahid
    • 5
  • Muhammad Mubeen
    • 1
  • Ali Zakir
    • 1
  • Amjad Farooq
    • 1
  • Mazhar Abbas
    • 6
  • Khurram Shahzad
    • 7
  • Shah Fahad
    • 8
  • Shakeel Ahmad
    • 9
  • Wajid Nasim
    • 1
    • 10
  1. 1.Department of Environmental SciencesCOMSATS University IslamabadIslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.Institute of Pure and Applied BiologyBahauddin Zakerya UniversityMultanPakistan
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryCOMSATS University IslamabadIslamabadPakistan
  4. 4.Department of AgronomyUniversity of Agriculture FaisalabadFaisalabadPakistan
  5. 5.Department of Environmental SciencesBahauddin Zakerya UniversityMultanPakistan
  6. 6.Department of Management SciencesCOMSATS University IslamabadIslamabadPakistan
  7. 7.Central Cotton Research Institute (CCRI)MultanPakistan
  8. 8.Department of AgricultureUniversity of SwabiSwabiPakistan
  9. 9.Department of AgronomyBahauddin Zakariya UniversityMultanPakistan
  10. 10.Department of AgronomyUniversity College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur (IUB)BahawalpurPakistan

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