Enzymatic Role in the Degradation of E-waste Pollution
E-waste pollution due to heavy metals has got worldwide attention. The undesirable persistent property of heavy metals poses a serious threat to the environment as well as plants and animals. It may also lead to several diseases in humans. It has a wide range of scope to stress on cost-effectiveness, suitability, and sustainability of the techniques, which mitigate the effect of change in environment. Contamination of food products also influences anthropogenic change on the environment and exploration of the above prospects. Bioremediation could be the cleaner, safer, cost-effective, and environment-friendly tool for decontamination of a wide range of pollutants. Various biological agents like bacteria, yeast, fungi, algae, and higher plants are used in bioremediation as main tools in treating oil spills and heavy metals pollution. In order to regulate increasing pollution and environmental problems, an endless search for new biological agents is still required. Microorganisms have wide capacity of regulating pollution, but the exact mechanisms are still unknown. Therefore, it is indeed required to review available options to control environmental pollution. The role of enzymes in this way is one of the most recent technology for the management of e-waste.
KeywordsElectronic waste Phytoremediation Toxic metals Recycling Microbial remediation
Authors thank Shri Ramswaroop Memorial University, Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh, India, and National Institute of Technology, Raipur (CG), India, for continuous support and assistance during the course of research work and scientific writing.
Conflict of Interest
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