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Toxicity, Eco-toxicity, and Phytoremediation of E-waste

  • Bushra Rehman
  • Mazhar IqbalEmail author
  • Ismat Nawaz
Chapter
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 57)

Abstract

E-waste represents any discarded complete electronic product or in components form. Due to the rapid technological advancement, electronics are available easily in the markets as well as online services thus originated the issue of e-waste worldwide. Discarded electronics consisting of mainly cellphones, computers, refrigerators, monitors, and televisions weigh approximately equal to 200 Empire State buildings. Rate of production is very high for Electrical and Electronic Equipment (EEE) throughout the world due to increase in use of these equipments; advancement in the fields of electronics, IT, and telecom industries; and improved living standards of consumers. The economic growth and increase in technological innovations day by day lead to the faster deposition of such products as outdated ones; thus EEE can be designated as having short life span nowadays.

Keywords

Toxicity Eco-toxicity Phytoremediation E-waste 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Biological SciencesQuaid-i-Azam UniversityIslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologyCOMSATS University IslamabadAbbottabadPakistan

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