Reading Comprehension and Reading Comprehension Difficulties

  • Jane OakhillEmail author
  • Kate Cain
  • Carsten Elbro


The Simple View of Reading indicates that reading comprehension is based upon two broad skills, language comprehension and word reading. This chapter explores the many factors that directly impact language comprehension and reading comprehension apart from word reading skills. Vocabulary, inferencing, background knowledge, comprehension monitoring, and knowledge of text structure are all explored in detail. How these factors interact with reading comprehension and with one other is described, and how to best improve these skills in struggling comprehenders is also presented.


Reading comprehension Teaching comprehension Comprehension development Inference Comprehension monitoring Metacognition Syntax Text structure Simple view Language comprehension Vocabulary 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of SussexBrightonUK
  2. 2.Lancaster UniversityLancashireUK
  3. 3.University of CopenhagenCopenhagenDenmark

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