The Nazification of the Radio Clubs, 1929–1935
This chapter shows the development of the radio hobby from 1931 to 1934. This is the crucial period of the Great Depression, rise of National Socialism and “Gleichschaltung” or Nazification of the entire public sphere, leading to the near extinction of all private associations, including radio hobby clubs. Well before 1933, the hobby clubs were infiltrated by pro-Nazi elements, and the coarsening of the political debate prepared the ground for Nazi violence. Once in power, the Nazis destroyed all but a small part of the radio hobby. Yet changes in manufacturing and design of radios at just this time would have led to a decline in the radio hobby in any case. Once again, both technology and society together set the context for radio use.