The injury severity scores can estimate the prognosis and risk of complications after a trauma. They serve as important adjuncts in triage, patient care, and research. Furthermore, they can be used for evaluation of hospital resource utilization and cost-effectiveness studies in trauma. They consist of complex mathematical equations in which variable qualitative and quantitative data are standardized and transformed into a single value, which represents the clinical conditions and prognosis of the patient shortly after injury.
KeywordsInjury Severity Score (ISS) Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) New Injury Severity Score (NISS) Anatomic Profile Score (APS) Organ Injury Scale (OIS) Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) Revised Trauma Score (RTS) Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS) A Severity Characterization of Trauma (ASCOT) Trauma and Injury Severity Score Comorbidity (TRISSCOM)
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