Advertisement

The British Intellectual Inheritance

  • Nadia E. Nedzel
  • Nicholas Capaldi
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Classical Liberalism book series (PASTCL)

Abstract

We present a history of the British mind-set from Ockham to Oakeshott (including Bacon, the seminal role of Hobbes, Newton, Locke, Scottish Enlightenment, Hume (especially the pivotal History of England), Smith, Burke, Mill, and the expatriates Polanyi, Popper, Wittgenstein, and Hayek). Our main thesis here is that there is a significant and distinctively British way of thinking that emerged in the first millennium and has been sustained down to the present. Reality is composed of distinct individual entities (nominalism), the human world is sui generis and intellectually prior to the understanding of the physical world. Reality can never be reduced to an abstract system of any kind and therefore cannot be expressed deductively from first principle(s).

References

  1. Bede. (2009) Ecclesiastical History of the English People. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Burke, E. (1987) Reflections on the Revolution in France, ed. J.G.A. Pocock. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  3. Burke, E. ([1795] 2018) Thoughts and Details on Scarcity. New York: Hard Press.Google Scholar
  4. Capaldi, N. (1972) “The Copernican Revolution in Hume and Kant.” In L.W. Beck (ed.), Proceedings of the Third International Kant Congress. Dordrecht, Holland: Reidel, 234–240.Google Scholar
  5. Capaldi, N. (1975) David Hume: The Newtonian Philosopher. Boston: Twayne.Google Scholar
  6. Capaldi, N. (1985) “The Historical and Philosophical Significance of Hume’s Theory of the Self.” In A. J. Holland (ed.), Philosophy, Its History and Historiography. Dordrecht, Holland: Springer, 271–285.Google Scholar
  7. Capaldi, N. (1989) Hume’s Place in Moral Philosophy. New York: Lang.Google Scholar
  8. Capaldi, N. (1998) The Enlightenment Project in the Analytic Conversation. Dordrecht: Kluwer.Google Scholar
  9. Capaldi, N. (2004) John Stuart Mill. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Capaldi, N. and Lloyd, G. (2016) Liberty and Equality in Political Economy: From Locke vs. Rousseau to the Present. Boston: Elgar.Google Scholar
  11. Collingwood, R.G. (1989) Essays in Political Philosophy, ed. D. Boucher. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  12. de Montesquieu, C. (1989) The Spirit of the Laws. Cambridge: University Press.Google Scholar
  13. DeVigne, R. (2012) “Oakeshott as Conservative.” In P. Franco and L. Marsh (eds.), A Companion to Michael Oakeshott. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press. Google Scholar
  14. Forbes, D. (1966) An Essay on the History of Civil Society, ed. A. Ferguson. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Fuller, L. (1978) “Forms and Limits of Adjudication.” Harvard Law Review, Vol. 92, pp. 394–395.Google Scholar
  16. Hayek, F. (1942) “Scientism and the Study of Society, Part I.” Economica, NS 9.Google Scholar
  17. Hayek, F. (1961) The Constitution of Liberty. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  18. Hayek, F. (1973) Law, Legislation, and Liberty, Vol. I. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  19. Hayek, F. (2010) Studies on the Abuse and Decline of Reason, ed. B. Caldwell, The collected Works of F.A. Hayek. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  20. Hobbes. (1640) Elements of Law, Natural and Politic, ed. D. Baumgold (2017). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Hobbes. (1651) Philosophical Rudiments Concerning Government and Society. Moscow: DoDo Press.Google Scholar
  22. Hobbes. (1655) De Corpore, ed. D. Baumgold (2017). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Hume, D. (1964) Treatise of Human Nature, ed. L.A. Selby-Bigge. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  24. Hume, D. ([1778] 1983) The History of England, 6 vols., ed. W.B. Todd. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund.Google Scholar
  25. Hume, D. (1987) Essays: Moral, Political and Literary, ed. E.F. Miller. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund.Google Scholar
  26. Infantino, L. (1998) Individualism in Modern Thought from Adam Smith to Hayek. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  27. Knowles, D. (1962) The Evolution of Medieval Thought. London: Longman.Google Scholar
  28. Leibniz, G.W. (1670) “Preface to an Edition of Nizolius.” In L.E. Loemker (ed.), Philosophical Papers and Letters, second edition. Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1969, 121–130.Google Scholar
  29. Letwin, S.R. (1998) The Pursuit of Certainty, Part I. Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Fund.Google Scholar
  30. Locke, J. (1980) Second Treatise on Government. Indianapolis: Hackett.Google Scholar
  31. MacFarlane, A. (1978) The Origins of English Individualism. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  32. Malcolm, N. (2012) “Oakeshott and Hobbes.” In P. Franco and L. Marsh (eds.), A Companion to Michael Oakeshott. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 217–231.Google Scholar
  33. Mill, J.S. ([1859] 1977) On Liberty. In Essays on Politics and Society, Collected Works, Vol. XVIII.Google Scholar
  34. Mill, J.S. (1979) Examination of the Philosophy of Sir William Hamilton, Collected Works, Vol. IX.Google Scholar
  35. Monahan, A.P. (1987) Consent, Coercion, and Limit. The Medieval Origins of parliamentary Democracy. Leiden: Leiden University Press.Google Scholar
  36. Muirhead, J.H. (1931) The Platonic Tradition in Anglo-Saxon Philosophy. London: George Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
  37. Nicholson, P.P. (1990) The Political Philosophy of the British Idealists. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  38. Oakeshott, M. (1935–1936) “Thomas Hobbes.” Scrutiny 4.Google Scholar
  39. Oakeshott, M. (1991) “The Masses in Representative Democracy.” In T. Fuller (ed.), Rationalism in Politics and Other Essays. Liberty Fund: Indianapolis.Google Scholar
  40. O’Sullivan, L. (2014) “Michael Oakeshott and the Left.” Journal of the History of Ideas, Vol. 75, No. 3, pp. 471–492.Google Scholar
  41. Polanyi, M. (1951) The Logic of Liberty. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  42. Popper, K. and Eccles, J. (1977) The Self and Its Brain. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  43. Raeder, L. (1997) “The Liberalism/Conservatism of Edmund Burke and F. A. Hayek: A Critical Comparison.” Humanitas, Vol. X, No. I, pp. 70–88.Google Scholar
  44. Ryan, A. (1988) “Review of MacFarlane’s The Culture of Capitalism.” London Review of Books, Vol. 10, No. 2 (21 January), pp. 10–11.Google Scholar
  45. Siedentop, L. (2014) Inventing the Individual. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  46. Skinner, Q. (2008) Hobbes and Republican Liberty. Cambridge: University Press.Google Scholar
  47. Smith, A. (1982) Lectures on Jurisprudence. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund.Google Scholar
  48. Tacitus. (2010) Agricola and Germania. London: Penguin.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nadia E. Nedzel
    • 1
  • Nicholas Capaldi
    • 2
  1. 1.Southern University Law CenterBaton RougeUSA
  2. 2.College of BusinessLoyola University New OrleansNew OrleansUSA

Personalised recommendations