Upper Extremity Injuries in Gymnasts

  • Leah G. Concannon
  • Melinda S. Loveless
  • Sean T. Matsuwaka


The upper extremity is subjected to extreme forces in gymnastics, leading to a substantial number of injuries. Males have a higher incidence of upper extremity injuries than females, and shoulder injuries are the most common. In females, wrist injuries predominate. The fact that most gymnasts are adolescents also influences the types of injuries seen. This chapter focuses on common upper extremity injuries seen in gymnasts: rotator cuff injuries, labral tears and multidirectional instability; chronic medial and lateral elbow injuries including ulnar collateral ligament injuries, Panner and osteochondritis dissecans; gymnast’s wrist, ulnar-sided wrist injuries, and carpal instability.


Injury Shoulder Panner Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) Gymnast’s wrist 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leah G. Concannon
    • 1
  • Melinda S. Loveless
    • 1
  • Sean T. Matsuwaka
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Rehabilitation MedicineUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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