Vascular Anomalies

  • Austin N. DeHartEmail author
  • Joana M. Mack
  • P. Spencer Lewis
  • Shelley E. Crary
  • Gresham T. Richter


Vascular anomalies are physical manifestations of disrupted vascular development in the form of uncontrolled cellular growth or vessel communication and expansion. They may arise as congenital or de novo lesions to cause aesthetic and/or functional problems. The International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies (ISSVA) categorizes vascular anomalies between vascular tumors and vascular malformations (VM) (Wassef et al. Pediatrics 136(1):e203–14, 2015). Vascular malformations are further subdivided by blood vessel type and as high-flow lesions, when an arterial component is present, or low-flow lesions which contain capillary, venous, or lymphatic components. These may be simple, comprised of only one vessel type, or combined, with multiple types of vessels involved.


Vascular anomalies Infantile hemangiomas Arterial venous malformations Capillary malformations Port-wine stains Lymphatic malformations 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Austin N. DeHart
    • 1
    Email author
  • Joana M. Mack
    • 2
  • P. Spencer Lewis
    • 3
  • Shelley E. Crary
    • 2
  • Gresham T. Richter
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Division of Pediatric OtolaryngologyArkansas Children’s Hospital, University of Arkansas for Medical SciencesLittle RockUSA
  2. 2.Pediatric Hematology-OncologyUniversity of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Arkansas Children’s HospitalLittle RockUSA
  3. 3.Pediatric Interventional RadiologyUniversity of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Arkansas Children’s HospitalLittle RockUSA

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