Laryngeal Cleft

  • Karthik BalakrishnanEmail author
  • Kari A. Krein


As has been made clear throughout this textbook, the larynx serves three key functions: voice, breathing, and swallowing. Laryngeal cleft is a congenital anomaly of the larynx that can impair two of these three processes; it may be entirely asymptomatic or may present with significant breathing and feeding problems. In severe cases, laryngeal cleft may cause life-threatening compromise of these functions requiring prompt intervention. This chapter reviews this condition in detail and presents our approach to its work-up and management. The reader should note that some controversy exists about specific aspects of laryngeal cleft diagnosis and management; we have discussed these issues in the body of the chapter.


Laryngeal cleft Laryngotracheoesophageal cleft Open repair of laryngotracheal cleft Congenital laryngeal cleft Congenital anomalies of the larynx 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Mayo Clinic Children’s CenterMayo ClinicRochesterUSA
  2. 2.Division of Speech Pathology, Department of NeurologyMayo ClinicRochesterUSA

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