Nanostructured Materials for Optical and Electronic Applications
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Nanostructured materials in the area of optical and electronic applications are advancing more with more device development as solar panels, optoelectronic switches, batteries and sensors. This chapter particularly focuses on the optoelectronic applications. All electronic tools have one thing in common: an integrated circuit (IC) acting as their brain. Nano-electromechanical systems have evolved early years and creating sensors eyes and actuators arms at the same scale as the accompanying nanoelectronics. Recent developments in synthesis of nanomaterials with excellent electrical and mechanical properties have extended the boundaries of NEMS applications to include more advanced devices such as the non-volatile nano-electro-mechanical memory, where information is transferred and stored through a series of electrical and mechanical actions at the nanoscale (Venkateswara Rao and Kumar Yadav in Int J Eng Sci 4:6–9, 2015 ).
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