Nanostructured Materials for Optical and Electronic Applications

  • T. Daniel ThangaduraiEmail author
  • N. Manjubaashini
  • Sabu Thomas
  • Hanna J. Maria
Part of the Engineering Materials book series (ENG.MAT.)


Nanostructured materials in the area of optical and electronic applications are advancing more with more device development as solar panels, optoelectronic switches, batteries and sensors. This chapter particularly focuses on the optoelectronic applications. All electronic tools have one thing in common: an integrated circuit (IC) acting as their brain. Nano-electromechanical systems have evolved early years and creating sensors eyes and actuators arms at the same scale as the accompanying nanoelectronics. Recent developments in synthesis of nanomaterials with excellent electrical and mechanical properties have extended the boundaries of NEMS applications to include more advanced devices such as the non-volatile nano-electro-mechanical memory, where information is transferred and stored through a series of electrical and mechanical actions at the nanoscale (Venkateswara Rao and Kumar Yadav in Int J Eng Sci 4:6–9, 2015 [1]).


  1. 1.
    Venkateswara Rao A, Kumar Yadav S (2015) An introduction to nano electro mechanical systems. Int J Eng Sci 4:6–9Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Afshar EN, Xosrovashvili G, Rouhi R et al (2015) Review on the application of nanostructure materials in solar cells. Mod Phys Lett B 29:1550118–1550124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Giannouli M (2013) Nanostructured ZnO, TiO2, and composite ZnO/TiO2 films for application in dye-sensitized solar cells. Int J Photoenergy 612095:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cammi D, Ronning C (2014) Persistent photoconductivity in ZnO nanowires in different atmospheres. Adv Cond Matter Phys 184120:1–5Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kind H, Yan H, Messer B et al (2002) Nanowire ultraviolet photodetectors and optical switches’. Adv Mater 14:158–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Schneemann A, White JL, Young Kang S et al (2018) Nanostructured metal hydrides for hydrogen storage. Chem Rev 118:10775–10839CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shih CC, Lee WY, Chen WC (2016) Nanostructured materials for non-volatile organic transistor memory applications. Mater Horiz 3:294–308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Peter Reithmaier J, Petkov P, Kulisch W et al (2008) Nanostructured materials for advanced technological applications. In: Proceedings of the NATO advanced study institute on nanostructured materials for advanced technological applications, Sozopol. Springer, NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Qiao XG, Gao N, Moktadir Z et al (2010) Fabrication of MEMS components using ultra-fine grained aluminium. J Micromech Microeng 20:045029–045041CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mina AN, Phillips AH (2013) Graphene transistor. JASR 9:1854–1874Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bachtold A, Hadley P, Nakanishi T et al (2001) Logic circuits with carbon nanotube transistors. Science 294:1317–1319CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Credi A, Semeraro M, Silvi S et al (2011) Redox control of molecular motion in switchable artificial nanoscale devices. Antioxid Redox Signal 14:1119–1165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hu P, Zhang J, Li L et al (2010) Carbon nanostructure-based field-effect transistors for label-free chemical/biological sensors. Sensors 10:5133–5159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gautam A (2012) Spintronics—a new hope for the digital world. IJSR 2:1Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Daniel Thangadurai
    • 1
    Email author
  • N. Manjubaashini
    • 2
  • Sabu Thomas
    • 3
  • Hanna J. Maria
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Nanoscience and TechnologySri Ramakrishna Engineering CollegeCoimbatoreIndia
  2. 2.Department of Nanoscience and TechnologySri Ramakrishna Engineering CollegeCoimbatoreIndia
  3. 3.IIUCNNMahatma Gandhi UniversityKottayamIndia
  4. 4.IIUCNNMahatma Gandhi UniversityKottayamIndia

Personalised recommendations