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Root-Water Relations and Interactions in Mixed Forest Settings

  • Anke HildebrandtEmail author
Chapter
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Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 240)

Abstract

Mixed forests harbor a great variety of living conditions and interactions among individual plants both above- and belowground. Because of the limited access to the belowground, the subsurface complexity of those ecosystems is far less investigated than the aboveground. Root systems support the canopy’s needs by supplying water and nutrients. Thus, the root systems need to be adapted to the water demand of the canopy, with abiotic limits imposed by the length and severity of droughts as well as the accessibility to the deep subsurface. This chapter reviews the current understanding of root-water relations and interactions in mixed forests across disciplines. Research shows that above- and belowground traits are strongly coordinated and, despite some plasticity, are species specific. At the community level, the relative drought susceptibly and rooting strategy also determines canopy position. Depending on the assembly, combined niche partitioning for water and light, as well as facilitation by hydraulic redistribution can enhance ecosystem functions like drought resilience and productivity. Mycorrhizae play an important role for facilitating water interactions and increasing the resource space, e.g. by enhancing access to bedrock. The effects of those interactions on forest hydrology are not well understood. Future work should address the effect of forest structure on soil water patterns and fluxes.

Keywords

Forest Ecohydrology Root water uptake Transpiration Species interaction Biodiversity Complementarity 

Notes

Acknowledgment

Data in Fig. 14.2 were collected in the Critical Zone Exploratory AquaDiva funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG grant CRC 1076) with additional funding from the DFG funded Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research – UFZLeipzigGermany
  2. 2.Institute of GeoscienceFriedrich Schiller University JenaJenaGermany
  3. 3.German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-LeipzigLeipzigGermany

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