Diversity Beyond Non-discrimination: From Structural Injustices to Participatory Institutions

  • Carol C. Gould


This essay reflects on deficiencies in existing accounts of diversity understood simply as non-discrimination. Her critique of contemporary policies suggests new directions for enhancing diversity. She proposes that to effectively apply the notion of diversity to business and other institutions, then, we will need to problematize the understanding of firms (especially corporate ones) and their role in social and economic life more generally. By drawing on her own conception of equal positive freedom, Gould demands the relevance not only of notions of redistribution and recognition, but points to the importance of solidarity, an understanding of the social ontology of diversity, and a juxtaposition of a more relational account of the diverse individuals and of groups to existing aggregative interpretations. She further provides brief suggestions of new forms of participative and cooperative management of firms and their potential impact in work contexts and in society more generally.


Cultural diversity Business hiring Non-discrimination Equal positive freedom Solidarity 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carol C. Gould
    • 1
  1. 1.Hunter College and the Graduate CenterCity University of New YorkNew YorkUSA

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