Advertisement

Racial Neoliberalism and the Fragmentation of One Neoliberal Order

  • Gargi BhattacharyyaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter asks whether we are witnessing the disintegration of one phase of neoliberalism. The chapter reviews the concept of racial neoliberalism and argues that we are witnessing a shift in neoliberal formations. Whereas previously, formations of racial neoliberalism have been characterized by the continuation of racialized divisions by other means, accompanied by a muting of racialized referents in political and institutional worlds, a variety of factors has led to a breaking apart of this recent set of tacit agreements. Instead, we see the impact of political crises met by a resurgent movement towards anti-politics, economic crises reshaping alliances around issues of nation and of class and new configurations of elite and popular racisms. In this context of fragmenting neoliberal orders, practices of racial neoliberalism also fragment, with a battle between competing versions of official racism. The chapter outlines some key characteristics of this moment of contest between competing racisms.

References

  1. Bhattacharyya, G. (2013). Racial Neoliberal Britain? In N. Kapoor, V. S. Kalra, & J. Rhodes (Eds.), The State of Race (pp. 31–48). London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bhattacharyya, G. (2015). Crisis, Austerity and Everyday Life: Living in a Time of Diminishing Expectations. London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bobo, L. D. (2017). The Empire Strikes Back: Fall of the Postracial Myth and Stirrings of Renewed White Supremacy. Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race, 14(1), 1–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bonilla-Silva, E. (2006). Racism Without Racists: Color-Blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in the United States. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
  5. Braedley, S., & Luxton, M. (Eds.). (2010). Neoliberalism and Everyday Life. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s Press.Google Scholar
  6. Comaroff, J., & Comaroff, J. L. (2000). Millennial Capitalism: First Thoughts on a Second Coming. Public Culture, 12(2), 305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Costanza, R., Kubiszewski, I., Giovannini, E., Lovins, H., McGlade, J., Pickett, K. E., et al. (2014). Development: Time to Leave GDP Behind. Nature News, 505(7483), 283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Crouch, C. (2011). The Strange Non-death of Neo-liberalism. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  9. Davidson, N., & Saull, R. (2017). Neoliberalism and the Far-Right: A Contradictory Embrace. Critical Sociology, 43(4–5), 707–724.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. De Angelis, M. (2000). Keynesianism, Social Conflict and Political Economy. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Eatwell, R., & Goodwin, M. (2018). National Populism: The Revolt against Liberal Democracy. London: Pelican.Google Scholar
  12. Ezrow, N. (2017). Global Politics and Violent Non-state Actors. London: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gantt Shafer, J. (2017). Donald Trump’s “Political Incorrectness”: Neoliberalism as Frontstage Racism on Social Media. Social Media + Society, 3(3), 1–10.Google Scholar
  14. Garrett, P. M. (2015). Words Matter: Deconstructing’ Welfare Dependency’ in the UK. Critical and Radical Social Work, 3(3), 389–406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Giroux, H. A. (2018). Terror of Neoliberalism: Authoritarianism and the Eclipse of Democracy. New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Goldberg, D. T. (2009). The Threat of Race, Reflections on Racial Neoliberalism. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
  17. Hermann, C. (2014). Structural Adjustment and Neoliberal Convergence in Labour Markets and Welfare: The Impact of the Crisis and Austerity Measures on European Economic and Social Models. Competition & Change, 18(2), 111–130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kapoor, N. (2018). Deport, Deprive, Extradite: Twenty-First Century State Extremism. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  19. Ketola, M., & Nordensvard, J. (2018). Social Policy and Populism: Welfare Nationalism as the New Narrative of Social Citizenship. In Social Policy Review 30: Analysis and Debate in Social Policy, 2018 (p. 161). Bristol: Policy Press.Google Scholar
  20. Kymlicka, W. (2013). Neoliberal Multiculturalism? In P. Hall & M. Lamont (Eds.), Social Resilience in the Neoliberal Era (pp. 99–126). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Law, I. (2013). Racism and Ethnicity: Global Debates, Dilemmas, Directions. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  22. Lazaridis, G., & Campani, G. (Eds.). (2016). Understanding the Populist Shift: Othering in a Europe in Crisis. London: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
  23. Lentin, A., & Lentin, R. (Eds.). (2009). Race and State. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.Google Scholar
  24. Peck, J., Brenner, N., & Theodore, N. (2017). Actually Existing Neoliberalism. In D. Cahill, et al. (Eds.), Sage Handbook of Neoliberalism (pp. 3–16). London: Sage.Google Scholar
  25. Scharff, C. (2016). Repudiating Feminism: Young Women in a Neoliberal World. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Solomos, J. (1989). From Equal Opportunity to Anti-racism: Racial Inequality and the Limits of Reform. Coventry: Centre for Research in Ethnic Relations, University of Warwick.Google Scholar
  27. Taylor-Gooby, P., Leruth, B., & Chung, H. (Eds.). (2017). After Austerity: Welfare State Transformation in Europe After the Great Recession. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  28. Varoufakis, Y. (2016). And the Weak Suffer What They Must?: Europe, Austerity and the Threat to Global Stability. New York: Random House.Google Scholar
  29. Visser, J. (2000). From Keynesianism to the Third Way: Labour Relations and Social Policy in Postwar Western Europe. Economic and Industrial Democracy, 21(4), 421–456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Wilson, H. (2016). Brexit: On the Rise of ‘(In)Tolerance’. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space (Open Site).Google Scholar
  31. Wodak, R., KhosraviNik, M., & Mral, B. (Eds.). (2013). Right-Wing Populism in Europe: Politics and Discourse. London: A & C Black.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Social Sciences, University of East LondonLondonUK

Personalised recommendations