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Managing Browsing and Grazing Ungulates

  • Richard W. S. FynnEmail author
  • David J. Augustine
  • Samuel D. Fuhlendorf
Chapter
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 239)

Abstract

As anthropogenic influences on the world’s rangelands accelerate, there is an urgency for humanity to develop a greater understanding of key drivers, and processes, underlying ecological dynamics and function, to inform improved management strategies. Browsing and grazing ungulates are important components of human-dominated and natural ecosystems, contributing to agricultural output and associated livelihoods, as well as to biodiversity and ecosystem services. A review of key concepts pertinent to the dynamics and management of browsing and grazing ungulates highlights the emergence of functional heterogeneity as a general, or unifying, theme guiding their management, whatever the scale or system. It is also clear that management of ungulate density, and the intensity of herbivory, especially in smaller-scale sedentary systems (e.g. ranches or small protected areas), is a critical determinant of functional heterogeneity. We demonstrate how the functional heterogeneity concept can be applied to the management of grazing and browsing ungulates over a range of scales and ecosystems.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are indebted to Herbert Prins and Iain Gordon for their helpful comments, which improved this manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard W. S. Fynn
    • 1
    Email author
  • David J. Augustine
    • 2
  • Samuel D. Fuhlendorf
    • 3
  1. 1.Okavango Research InstituteUniversity of BotswanaMaunBotswana
  2. 2.USDA/ARS/NPA, Crops Research LaboratoryFort CollinsUSA
  3. 3.Natural Resource Ecology and ManagementOklahoma State UniversityStillwaterUSA

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