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Adolescence and Social Determinants of Health: Family and Community

  • Claudia CappaEmail author
  • Sara Giulivi
Chapter

Abstract

Adolescence is a crucial period in the life of individuals. It is a time of rapid and dramatic changes at different levels: physical, cognitive, and socioemotional. It is also a critical time for learning, for the formation of identity, and for the establishment of connections beyond the home environment. Social determinants of health can have a significant impact on adolescent outcomes and well-being. This chapter provides a summary of the most recent research studies that investigated aspects and characteristic of family and community and their relation to adolescence outcomes. In particular, family structure and inner dynamics, parents’ eating and sleep-related habits, family socioeconomic status (SES), and other factors are considered in relation to their effects on adolescent health and development. The effects of aspects of community, like cohesion and SES, are also considered. A more accurate measure of a wider range of indicators will allow better identification of risk processes and the relevant support strategies.

Keywords

Adolescence Family Community Social determinants of health Health Well-being Socioeconomic status (SES) 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Clinical Physiology Institute (IFC)—National Research Council (CNR)PisaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Education and Learning (DFA)University School of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland (SUPSI)LocarnoSwitzerland

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