By tracing all officers’ careers from the time they joined the navy through their commissioning and beyond, this book has illustrated the experience of ordinary lieutenants across Europe. There were two models for how to educate future lieutenants: the French model of shore-based academies and the British model of sending teenagers to sea. Ultimately, though, it is the similarities that are most striking. Social backgrounds, promotion prospects, and seagoing responsibilities were common to most officers. They moved within a transnational community, following the demand for naval expertise wherever it led them.