This concluding chapter primarily interrogates contemporary arguments on the role of leaders, organisations and the ICTs in recent digitally supported protests to provide an overview of the changing conception of the collective action. It then retraces central arguments and findings of the book outlined in each chapter and their contributions to the field. The section also points ahead the need to explore these arguments within other contemporary protests for developing our understanding of digitally supported protests. Finally, by referring to the arguments of the interviewees, the chapter discusses the challenges and problems that digitally supported protests face today and their contributions to social and political change in non-democratic countries.
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