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Newcastle Disease

  • Giovanni CattoliEmail author
  • William G. Dundon
Chapter

Abstract

Newcastle disease is a devastating and economically important disease caused by virulent avian paramyxovirus type 1 viruses, commonly known as Newcastle disease virus (NDV), which affects many domestic and wild avian species globally. Despite the availability of cheap and effective vaccines (if correctly administered), the disease continues to threaten the livelihoods and food security of millions of people worldwide. This chapter concentrates specifically on the description and circulation of NDV and its impact on poultry in the Arabian peninsula and the Northern, Sahel and sub-Sahel regions of Africa. Topics discussed include a brief history of the disease and its economic impact, disease description (e.g., clinical signs and lesions), distribution of viral genotypes within the regions discussed, epidemiology (e.g., seasonality, host range and transmission), disease diagnosis, control, and vaccination. Concluding remarks on the current and future challenges for low-income countries in the control of this important disease are provided.

Keywords

Newcastle disease Avian paramyxovirus type 1 NDV genotype NDV vaccine 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank Dr. Calogero Terregino (IZSVe, Padova, Italy) for the pictures provided in Figs. 18.3 and 18.4 and Dr. Ivancho Naletoski (Joint FAO/IAEA Division, Vienna, Austria) for the creation of the map in Fig. 18.2.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Animal Production and Health Laboratory, Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and AgricultureDepartment of Nuclear Sciences and Applications, International Atomic Energy AgencySeibersdorfAustria

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