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Perspectives in Keratoplasty

  • Kenneth R. Kenyon
  • Kathryn M. Hatch
  • Roberto Pineda
Chapter

Abstract

The past half century of progress in keratoplasty is reviewed with respect both to fundamental evolution of corneal transplantation from essentially uniform penetrating keratoplasty of the 1960s to the current variations on anterior and posterior lamellar keratoplasty themes. The adjunctive development of surgical instrumentation, eye banking, and tecniques of ocular surface rehabilitation, anterior segment reconstruction and cataract surgery are also interpolated with respect to their influences on keratoplasty itself. The future of bioengineered corneas and their cellular constituents is also introduced.

Keywords

Cornea Corneal transplantation Keratoplasty Anterior segment reconstruction Limbal stem cell Amnion membrane Lamellar keratoplasty Endothelial keratoplasty Bioengineered cornea 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth R. Kenyon
    • 1
  • Kathryn M. Hatch
    • 2
  • Roberto Pineda
    • 3
  1. 1.Tufts University School of MedicineNew England Eye Center, Department of OphthalmologyBostonUSA
  2. 2.Massachusetts Eye and Ear WalthamDepartment of Cornea and Refractive SurgeryWalthamUSA
  3. 3.Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts Eye & Ear InfirmaryDepartment of OphthalmologyBostonUSA

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