Permission to Hate in Canada

  • Barbara PerryEmail author
  • Ryan Scrivens
Part of the Palgrave Hate Studies book series (PAHS)


This chapter highlights the social, cultural and political landscape in which organized hate groups emerge in Canada. Here, our focus is on the social contexts that enable such groups to flourish. We first lay out the theoretical frame to understand how broader social, cultural and political patterns render “permission to hate” in Canada. We consider the environmental factors that we identified, during our fieldwork, as particularly important in facilitating right-wing extremism (RWE) in Canada. In contrast, we end by drawing attention to those countervailing environmental patterns and processes that might constrain groups from emerging and/or engaging in extremist violence.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Social Science and HumanitiesUniversity of Ontario Institute of TechnologyOshawaCanada
  2. 2.School of Criminal JusticeMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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