What Differential Learning Factors Need to Be Considered in Study Abroad Research?

  • Christina L. Isabelli-García
  • Casilde A. Isabelli


In this chapter, we turn our attention to how individual learner characteristics and experiences affect the experience abroad. Similar to second language acquisition research that investigates how individual differences may or may not predict gains in language use, in this chapter we review what study abroad research findings show about how language development may result from the language learner’s personality and cognitive abilities. The identity factors such as heritage language and race and ethnicity are also examined. The chapter concludes with an overall summary as well as questions for reflection and suggestions for further reading.


Tolerance of ambiguity Willingness to communicate Heritage language Symbolic competence Cognitive aptitude 


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Suggestions for Further Reading

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christina L. Isabelli-García
    • 1
  • Casilde A. Isabelli
    • 2
  1. 1.Gonzaga UniversitySpokaneUSA
  2. 2.University of Nevada, RenoRenoUSA

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