Contextualisation as a Determining Factor for Career Counselling Throughout the World

  • Jacobus G. MareeEmail author


This chapter aims to put into perspective multiple seemingly unrelated occurrences since the beginning of the twentieth century and demonstrate the need for contextualisation, decontextualization, recontextualisation, and co-contextualisation as determining factors for career counselling throughout the world. It begins by briefly examining occupational changes globally since the beginning of the twentieth century, presents a brief overview of how theoretical and conceptual frameworks have developed since the time of Parsons and others and have influenced career counselling, contextualises the interplay between the four different waves in psychology, career counselling, the global economy, and the four industrial revolutions since the beginning of the twentieth century, highlight the personality traits associated with helping models in career counselling and relates contextual challenges to career counselling-related issues and concepts. Against this background, the need to rethink, reshape and adapt career theory and practice continually and contextually is elaborated. The design of a career development policy framework is based on ‘best international practice’ is demonstrated by explicating the South African example. The practical contextualisation of career counselling-related theory and practice is subsequently elaborated and exemplified (qualitatively and quantitatively).


Contextualisation Decontextualisation Recontextualisation Co-contextualisation Career counselling Contextual challenges 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa

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