A History of Career Counselling

  • Mark L. SavickasEmail author
  • Suzanne Savickas


The present chapter describes the history of how the counselling profession has successfully met the challenge of social transitions in devising youth mentoring for agricultural communities, vocational guidance for industrial cities, and career development counselling for corporate societies. To remain relevant and useful in the twenty-first century, members of the profession are again reinventing its models and methods, this time concentrating on how to fit work into life, rather than fit life into work. The future of the profession rests on counsellors’ ability to help students and clients adapt to the challenges inherent in the new organisation of work in liquid societies.


Vocational guidance Career construction Life design Individualization Boundaryless career Transactional employment contracts 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Northeast Ohio Medical UniversityRootstownUSA
  2. 2.Vocopher, LLCMacedoniaUSA

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