• Anupam BasuEmail author


This chapter describes radiographic changes in the knees. The chapter consists of various cases and practice questions relating to the most common types of arthritis and other abnormalities of the knee including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate deposition disease, hemophilia, septic arthritis, and avascular necrosis. The chapter also discusses some rare disorders involving the knee including hereditary multiple exostosis (HME) and primary synovial osteochondromatosis. The chapter uses examples of both X-ray and MRI imaging to provide an overview of the approach for diagnosing a patient with knee pain or swelling.


Knee Osteoarthritis Calcium pyrophosphate Septic arthritis 

Further Reading

  1. Jones EA, Manaster BJ, May DA, Disler DG. Neuropathic osteoarthropathy: diagnostic dilemmas and differential diagnosis. Radiographics. 2000;20:S279–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Manaster BJ. Diagnostic imaging musculoskeletal: non-traumatic disease. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2016. p. 1044–7.Google Scholar
  3. Murphey MD, Choi JJ, Kransdorf MJ, Flemming DJ, Gannon FH. Imaging of osteochondroma: variants and complications with radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 2000;20:1407–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Murphey MD, Vidal JA, Fanburg-Smith JC, Gajewski DA. Imaging of synovial chondromatosis with radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 2007;27:1465–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Resnick D, Kransdorf MJ. Bone and joint imaging, 3rd ed. Philadelphia. Elsevier Saunders; 2005: 357–393.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cook County Health, Department of RadiologyChicagoUSA

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