Advertisement

Introduction: Waismann’s Rocky Strata

  • Dejan MakovecEmail author
Chapter
Part of the History of Analytic Philosophy book series (History of Analytic Philosophy)

Abstract

Dejan Makovec suggests that the acquaintance with Gilbert Ryle and his conception of philosophy as cartography around 1945 breathed new life into Waismann’s idea of a multi-layered structure of language. A notebook on language strata from Waismann’s Nachlass shows that the metaphor is explicitly geological in analogy to sedimentary strata, adding depth to Ryle’s two-dimensional view of philosophy and language. Makovec concludes that “Language Strata” is a blueprint for Waismann’s projectionism, an alternative to the reductionist projects of his time.

Keywords

Gilbert Ryle Cartography Nachlass Geology Reductionism Language Strata 

References

  1. Baker, Gordon P. 2003. Friedrich Waismann: A Vision of Philosophy. Philosophy 78 (304): 163–179.Google Scholar
  2. Butler, Ronald J. 1955. Language Strata and Alternative Logics. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 33 (2): 77–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chalmers, David. 2012. Constructing the World. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Church, Alonzo. 1973a. Language Strata. by F. Waismann and A. G. N. Flew. The Journal of Symbolic Logic 38 (4): 663.Google Scholar
  5. Church, Alonzo. 1973b. How I See Philosophy by R. Harré and F. Waismann. The Journal of Symbolic Logic 38 (4): 663–665.Google Scholar
  6. Cioffi, Frank. 2011. Tributes to and Impressions of Friedrich Waismann. In Friedrich Waismann—Causality and Logical Positivism, ed. Brian McGuinness. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  7. Flew, Antony. 1965. Introduction. In Logic and Language (First and second series). New York: Doubleday.Google Scholar
  8. Grassl, Wolfgang. 1982. Introduction. In Friedrich Waismann, Lectures on the Philosophy of Mathematics, ed. Wolfgang Grassl. Amsterdam: Rodopi.Google Scholar
  9. Harré, Rom. 1968. Preface. In Friedrich Waismann, How I See Philosophy, ed. Rom Harré. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  10. Lieberman, Max, and Hedi Lieberman. 2011. Tributes to and Impressions of Friedrich Waismann. In Friedrich Waismann—Causality and Logical Positivism, ed. Brian McGuinness. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  11. Lucas, John. 2011. Tributes to and Impressions of Friedrich Waismann. In Friedrich Waismann—Causality and Logical Positivism, ed. Brian McGuinness. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  12. Machery, Edouard. 2017. Philosophy Within Its Proper Bounds. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. McGuinness, Brian. 2011. Friedrich Waismann—Causality and Logical Positivism. Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. McGuinness, Brian, and Joachim Schulte. 1994. Introduction. In Friedrich Waismann, Josef Schächter, and Moritz Schlick, Ethics and the Will: Essays by Friedrich Waismann, Josef Schächter and Moritz Schlick, ed. Brian McGuiness and Joachim Schulte. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  15. Parfit, Derek. 2011. On What Matters. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Prior, Arthur N. 1957. Ronald J. Butler. Language Strata and Alternative Logics. The Australasian Journal of Philosophy, vol. 33 (1955), pp. 77–87. Journal of Symbolic Logic 22 (4): 383. Cambridge University Press.  https://doi.org/10.2307/2963967.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Quinton, Anthony. 1977. Introduction. In Friedrich Waismann, Philosophical Papers, ed. Brian McGuinness. Dordrecht: D. Reidel.Google Scholar
  18. Ryle, Gilbert. 2009. Collected Papers, vol. 2. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  19. Schulte, Joachim. 1979. Der Waismann-Nachlaß Überblick – Katalog – Bibliographie. Zeitschrift für philosophische Forschung 33 (1): 108–140.Google Scholar
  20. Shapiro, Stewart. 2006. Vagueness in Context. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Waismann, Friedrich. 1930/1931. Logische Analyse des Wahrscheinlichkeitsbegriffs. Erkenntnis (1930–1938) 1: 228–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. ———. 1936. Einführung in das mathematische Denken. Vienna: Gerold.Google Scholar
  23. ———. 1951. Introduction to Mathematical Thinking: The Formation of Concepts in Modern Mathematics. New York: Dover Publications Google Scholar
  24. ———. 1965. The Principles of Linguistic Philosophy, ed. Rom Harré. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  25. ———. 1968. How I See Philosophy, ed. Rom Harré. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  26. ———. 1976. Logik, Sprache, Philosophie, ed. Gordon P. Baker and Brian McGuinness. Stuttgart: Reclam.Google Scholar
  27. ———. 1977. Philosophical Papers, ed. Brian McGuinness. Dordrecht: D. Reidel.Google Scholar
  28. ———. 1982. Lectures on the Philosophy of Mathematics, ed. Wolfgang Grassl. Amsterdam: Rodopi.Google Scholar
  29. ———. 1983. Wille und Motiv, ed. Joachim Schulte. Stuttgart: Reclam.Google Scholar
  30. Waismann, Friedrich, Josef Schächter, and Moritz Schlick. 1994. Ethics and the Will: Essays by Friedrich Waismann, Josef Schächter and Moritz Schlick, ed. Brian McGuiness and Joachim Schulte. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  31. Williamson, Timothy. 1994. Vagueness. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  32. Wilson, Mark. 2006. Wandering Significance. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Yablo, Stephen. 2008. Thoughts: Papers on Mind, Meaning, and Modality. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Archival Source

  1. Waismann, Friedrich, n/s, “Sprachschichten”, Oxford: Bodleian Library, Waismann Papers, box K, K9.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

Personalised recommendations