Staicov offers a general summary of her findings and consolidates them within theoretical frameworks on linguistic variation and ethnic identity. For San Francisco’s Chinatown community, Staicov’s quantitative analysis shows that linguistic choices follow traditional sociolinguistic patterns, with gender having the strongest impact on variation. To complement these findings, Staicov includes a qualitative discussion of ethnic identity and language use. She points out that participants draw on a variety of sources to construct their identity and highlights that the heritage language is a vital source of identification for many Chinese Americans. This chapter ends with a call for more research on Chinese American’s linguistic practices and for more nuanced conceptualisations of ethnicity and identity. As Staicov concludes, only fine-grained approaches can lead to a fuller picture of the interplay of identity and language variation.
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