Energy Transition of Power Utility JP Elektroprivreda BiH Through Upgrading and Retrofit of the Generation Portfolio Supported by Horizon 2020 Projects
Today, many power utilities are found at crossroads, facing challenges of decarbonisation and the imperative of competitiveness on the market, often considered as contradictory requirements for their further development. In this regard, a particular challenge is placed in front of utilities which generation portfolio is based on conventional resources, dominantly coal for electricity and thermal energy production.
On a concrete example of the generation portfolio development of Power Utility Elektroprivreda of Bosnia and Herzegovina – Sarajevo (EPBiH), in this work so far realised actions within the transitional process and its further continuation are presented. Effects of improvements of the existing thermal power plants (TPPs), i.e. TPP Tuzla and TPP Kakanj through the reconstruction/modernization process, as well as further planned measures for increasing energy efficiency, reducing CO2 emissions and reducing pollutant emissions are shown. Particular attention is given to the possibilities of extending the cogenerative production of EPBiH’s TPPs, as well as the upgrading process of existing and construction of new district heating systems, thus including the integration of renewable energy sources. Further, the paper focuses on the application of biomass technologies in TPPs, through full and partial conversion to biomass (co-firing technology), shown on examples of EPBiH’s opt-out thermal units.
The proposed measures are also processed as illustrative examples within three Horizon 2020 projects, namely CoolHeating, Upgrade DH and BioFit, funded by the European Commission and in which EPBiH participates with its European partners. Transfer of knowledge and technology, mastering the know-how and implementing the proposed measures is a significant contribution and stimulation of the ongoing transition process in EPBiH’s power system in a responsible and sustainable way and can serve as a demonstration example to other power utilities/countries facing similar challenges.
The authors would like to thank the Coolheating, Upgrade DH and BioFit partners for their contributions in the project. The authors would like to thank the European Commission and the EASME for the support of the three Horizon 2020 projects.
CoolHeating has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement No. 691679.
Upgrade DH has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement No. 785014.
BioFit has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement No. 817999.
Disclaimer: The sole responsibility for the content of this paper lies with the authors. It does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Union. Neither the EASME nor the European Commission are responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.
- 1.European Parliament and the Council of the European Union, Directive 2009/28/EC on the Promotion of the Use of Energy from Renewable Sources (2009)Google Scholar
- 2.European Commission, Energy 2020, European Union, Brussels, Belgium (2011)Google Scholar
- 3.European Climate Foundation, Energy Roadmap 2050, European Union, Brussels, Belgium (2010)Google Scholar
- 5.Mergner, R., et al.: Upgrading the performance of district heating networks in Europe. In: 27th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition, Lisbon, Portugal, 27–30 May 2019Google Scholar
- 7.Kazagic, A., Music, M., Redzic, E., Merzic, A.: Transition of a conventional power utility to achieve 2050 RES and carbon cut targets—EPBIH case study, advanced technologies, systems, and applications II, Springer publishing, January 2018Google Scholar
- 8.Rutz, D., Doczekal, C., Zweiler, R., Hofmeister, M., Laurberg Jensen, L.: Small modular renewable heating and cooling grids. In: Handbook, WIP Renewable Energies, Munich, Germany (2017)Google Scholar
- 10.EnergyPRO User Guide. EMD International A/S, 2013 Aalborg.SGoogle Scholar
- 12.IEA Technology Roadmap Delivering Sustainable Bioenergy (2017)Google Scholar
- 13.Reumerman, P., et al.: Bioenergy retrofits for Europe’s industry – the biofit project horizon 2020. In: 27th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition, Lisbon, Portugal, 27–30 May 2019Google Scholar