The 1967 Constitution, Internal Self-Government, and the 1968 Independence Constitution

  • Hlengiwe Portia Dlamini
Part of the African Histories and Modernities book series (AHAM)


This chapter treats the deliberations of the Constitutional Review Committee, which was selected from Swaziland’s maiden Legislative Council on which the Progressives had no seats. The monarchists operating under the canopy of the Imbokodvo party distinguished themselves as political turncoats in the aftermath of the June 1964 elections. To the utter chagrin of their White USA allies, the monarchists adopted the populist stance of the Progressives: equality for all races without any favouritism for Whites, and independence for Swaziland. The only common ground of agreement between Imbokodvo and the USA was the inclusion and recognition of the Swazi monarchy in the Constitution as a stabilizing force. The two allies disagreed acrimoniously over the inclusion of racial parity in the Legislature, the special political privileges for Whites in the Constitution, the scope of monarchical power, and independence for Swaziland. Nonetheless, the deliberations culminated in the 1967 Constitution, which paved the way for elections that Imbokodvo overwhelmingly won, subsequently forming the maiden internal government under Prime Minister Makhosini Dlamini. Despite disagreements over the powers of the Ngwenyama in the Constitution, Britain bequeathed to Swaziland a constitutional monarchy in which the Cabinet was supreme.


Archival Sources

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Internet Source

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hlengiwe Portia Dlamini
    • 1
  1. 1.University of the Free StateBloemfonteinSouth Africa

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