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Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty: Complications and Results

  • Eduardo García-Rey
  • Ana Cruz-Pardos
  • Ricardo Fernández-Fernández
Chapter

Abstract

Revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) is challenging. The clinical importance of this procedure has been increasing worldwide over the last years. Complex techniques are usually needed during surgery and require the best knowledge and skills in order to improve the clinical outcomes with the minimal rate of complications. The patients’ increasing age, associated medical comorbidities, and orthopedic problems, such as bone defect and fibrous tissue due to previous surgeries, add more difficulties to management. Despite the encouraging better understanding of this pathology, the overall result is often worse than in primary THA. Indications for revision THA are still changing, and some complications such as dislocation, periprosthetic fracture, or infection continue to be a great problem. This chapter tries to summarize most of the important issues related to the more frequent complications and their results in revision THA. In order to prevent these difficulties, the appropriate clinical evaluation of a painful THA is mandatory before undertaking the procedure: the possibility of infection, soft tissue status, as well as any bone defect in the acetabulum or femur must be considered, not only before surgery but also their situation after removing any previous implants.

Keywords

Revision total hip arthroplasty Complications Dislocation Periprosthetic fracture Infection 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eduardo García-Rey
    • 1
  • Ana Cruz-Pardos
    • 1
  • Ricardo Fernández-Fernández
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Orthopedic Surgery“La Paz” University HospitalMadridSpain

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