Thyroid, Parathyroid, Head, and Neck

  • Jamie Macagba Slade
  • Tracey Harbert
  • Joseph Young
  • Ramona Gupta
  • Laura Dean
  • Songlin Zhang
  • Ajit S. Paintal


Palpable thyroid nodules are present in approximately 5–7% of the adult population, and of these, only a small percentage (5–10%) harbor malignancy. Ultrasound (US) imaging of the neck is typically used to characterize thyroid nodules in order to triage lesions with the highest risk of malignancy. Fine needle aspiration (FNA) is recommended for thyroid lesions with radiographically suspicious features (as outlined below). FNA biopsy of the thyroid gland is an increasingly common procedure, with approximately 300,000–500,000 biopsies performed annually in the United States. The 2015 American Thyroid Association management guidelines underscore the importance of radiologic risk stratification.


Thyroid Parathyroid Head Neck Papillary thyroid carcinoma Medullary thyroid carcinoma Squamous cell carcinoma 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jamie Macagba Slade
    • 1
  • Tracey Harbert
    • 2
  • Joseph Young
    • 3
  • Ramona Gupta
    • 4
  • Laura Dean
    • 5
  • Songlin Zhang
    • 6
  • Ajit S. Paintal
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of PathologyRush Medical CollegeChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Cellnetix PathologyOlympiaUSA
  3. 3.Department of RadiologySt. Joseph Health, St. Jude Medical CenterFullertonUSA
  4. 4.Northwestern University Feinberg School of MedicineChicagoUSA
  5. 5.Department of Diagnostic RadiologyCleveland ClinicClevelandUSA
  6. 6.Department of Pathology and Laboratory MedicineUniversity of Texas McGovern Medical SchoolHoustonUSA
  7. 7.Northshore Medical Group, Evanston HospitalEvanstonUSA

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