The Financial Costs of Headache

  • Francesco Saverio MenniniEmail author
  • Lara Gitto
Part of the Headache book series (HEAD)


Previous chapters in this section have described the multiple aspects of headache-attributed burden and methods by which many of these may be quantified. This chapter addresses financial costs as an important component of headache-attributed burden. It explains some principal aspects of the methodology of health economic studies on headache and presents the findings of key studies.


Absenteeism Presenteeism Direct costs Indirect cost Top-down approach Bottom-up approach Cost of illness Eurolight European Brain Council International Burden of Migraine Study 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CEIS Economic Evaluation and HTA (EEHTA), and IGF Department, Faculty of EconomicsUniversity “Tor Vergata”RomeItaly
  2. 2.Institute for Leadership and Management in HealthKingston UniversityKingstonUK
  3. 3.CEIS Economic Evaluation and HTA (EEHTA), Faculty of EconomicsUniversity “Tor Vergata”RomeItaly

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