Cash Crops: Synseed Production, Propagation, and Conservation

  • Zishan Ahmad
  • Anwar ShahzadEmail author


Advancement in encapsulation technique has provided excellent opportunity for the improvement of crops, trees, and several other plant species. The application of encapsulation technology in the field of agriculture opens new vistas for plant propagation, conservation, and delivery of germplasm. The synthetic seed was a promising application in the propagation of vegetatively propagated and polyploidy species that are hard to propagate. In majority of the cash crop, propagation through seed is unsuccessful due to heterozygosity, low germination of seed, and absence of normal endosperm. Considering these problems, a great interest has been developed to use encapsulation techniques for the propagation, conservation, and accelerated germplasm exchange. The proposed study deals with a piece of up-to-date information on the synseed development in various cash crops.


Cash crop Encapsulation Germplasm exchange 



Financial support as Junior Research Fellow under DST-PURSE program, India, is highly acknowledged to ZA.

Conflict of Interest

There is no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Plant Biotechnology Section, Department of BotanyAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia

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