Advertisement

Complications of Bony Procedures for Shoulder Instability

  • Ion-Andrei Popescu
  • David Haeni
Chapter

Abstract

With a contemporary increase in the number of surgical options for treating shoulder instability, in any of its forms, the surgeons’ tasks are becoming more complex than ever. Knowing that more than 50% of patients with gleno-humeral instability will undergo surgical treatment and that little consensus exists on the ideal or optimal operative technique, the surgeon has to individualize the treatment for each patient. Shoulder instability involves from 1 to 5 common lesions (capsular, capsulo-labral, glenoid bone loss, humeral bone loss, rotator cuff degloving). It can be acute or chronic, repetitive or occur as unique episode; chronic subluxation with a painful shoulder is also an issue. Treatment indication may be different for contact athletes, other than for weekend warriors or noncontact athletes. The American Shoulder and Elbow Society (ASES) and the German Society for Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery (AGA) are currently working on formal clinical practice guidelines for shoulder instability. However, to date, due to the lack of official consensus, the shoulder surgeon has to establish the ideal treatment based upon a combination of surgical experience and peer-reviewed literature.

References

  1. 1.
    Boileau P, Saliken D. Editorial commentary: the wake of the dragon: will the orthopaedic community adopt the shoulder arthroscopic latarjet procedure as we adopted the arthroscopic rotator cuff repair? Arthroscopy. 2017;33:2139–43.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2017.08.269.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    van der Linde JA, Wessel RN, Trantalis JN, van den Bekerom MPJ. Review of Latarjet (1954) on the treatment of recurrent shoulder dislocations. J ISAKOS Jt Disord Orthop Sport Med. 2018;3:242–8.  https://doi.org/10.1136/jisakos-2017-000153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hurley ET, Lim Fat D, Farrington SK, Mullett H. Open versus arthroscopic Latarjet procedure for anterior shoulder instability: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Sports Med. 2018;47:1248–53.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546518759540.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cerciello S, Corona K, Morris BJ, et al. Early outcomes and perioperative complications of the arthroscopic latarjet procedure: systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Sports Med. 2018:036354651878374.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546518783743.
  5. 5.
    Meraner D, Smolen D, Sternberg C, et al. 10 years of arthroscopic latarjet procedure: outcome and complications. Indian J Orthop. 2019;53:102.  https://doi.org/10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_273_17.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Domos P, Lunini E, Walch G. Contraindications and complications of the Latarjet procedure. Shoulder Elbow. 2018;10:15–24.  https://doi.org/10.1177/1758573217728716.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lafosse L, Lejeune E, Bouchard A, et al. The arthroscopic latarjet procedure for the treatment of anterior shoulder instability. Arthroscopy. 2007;23:e1–5.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2007.06.008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dumont GD, Fogerty S, Rosso C, Lafosse L. The arthroscopic latarjet procedure for anterior shoulder instability: 5-year minimum follow-up. Am J Sports Med. 2014;42:2560–6.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546514544682.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Di Giacomo G, Itoi E, Burkhart SS. Evolving concept of bipolar bone loss and the hill-sachs lesion: from “engaging/non-engaging” lesion to “on-track/off-track” lesion. Arthroscopy. 2014;30:90–8.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2013.10.004.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Plath JE, Henderson DJH, Coquay J, et al. Does the arthroscopic Latarjet procedure effectively correct “off-track” hill-sachs lesions? Am J Sports Med. 2018;46:72–8.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546517728717.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bessière C, Gauci M-O, Balg F, Boileau P. Le score ISIS (Instability Severity Index Score) revisité. Rev Chir Orthopédique Traumatol. 2015;101:e15.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rcot.2015.09.344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Griesser MJ, Harris JD, McCoy BW, et al. Complications and re-operations after Bristow-Latarjet shoulder stabilization: a systematic review. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2013;22:286–92.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2012.09.009.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hurley ET, Jamal MS, Ali ZS, et al. Long-term outcomes of the Latarjet procedure for anterior shoulder instability: a systematic review of studies at 10-year follow-up. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2019;28:e33–9.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2018.08.028.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Clark JJC, Abildgaard JT, Backes J, Hawkins RJ. Preventing infection in shoulder surgery. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2018;27:1333–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Athwal GS, Meislin R, Getz C, et al. Short-term complications of the arthroscopic Latarjet procedure: a North American experience. Arthroscopy. 2016;32:1965–70.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2016.02.022.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lafosse L, Leuzinger J, Brzoska R, et al. Complications of arthroscopic latarjet: a multicenter study of 1555 cases. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2017;26:e148.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2016.12.007.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Randelli P, Fossati C, Stoppani C, et al. Open Latarjet versus arthroscopic Latarjet: clinical results and cost analysis. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2016;24:526–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Agneskirchner JD, Lafosse L. Transfer des Processus coracoideus bei rezidivierender vorderer Instabilität am Schultergelenk. Oper Orthop Traumatol. 2014;26:296–306.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00064-011-0052-8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Metais P, Clavert P, Barth J, et al. Preliminary clinical outcomes of Latarjet-Patte coracoid transfer by arthroscopy vs. open surgery: prospective multicentre study of 390 cases. Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 2016;102:S271–6.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.otsr.2016.08.003.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sastre S, Peidro L, Méndez A, Calvo E. Suprascapular nerve palsy after arthroscopic Latarjet procedure: a case report and review of literature. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2016;24:601–3.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-014-3075-5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Boileau P, Gendre P, Baba M, et al. A guided surgical approach and novel fixation method for arthroscopic Latarjet. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2016;25:78–89.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2015.06.001.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Gupta A, Delaney R, Petkin K, Lafosse L. Complications of the Latarjet procedure. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2015;8:59–66.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12178-015-9258-y.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Boileau P, Mercier N, Roussanne Y, et al. Arthroscopic Bankart-Bristow-Latarjet procedure: the development and early results of a safe and reproducible technique. Arthroscopy. 2010;26:1434–50.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2010.07.011.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Marion B, Klouche S, Deranlot J, et al. A prospective comparative study of arthroscopic versus mini-open latarjet procedure with a minimum 2-year follow-up. Arthroscopy. 2017;33:269–77.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2016.06.046.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Casabianca L, Gerometta A, Massein A, et al. Graft position and fusion rate following arthroscopic Latarjet. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2016;24:507–12.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-015-3551-6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Allain J, Goutallier D, Glorion C. Long-term results of the Latarjet procedure for the treatment of anterior instability of the shoulder. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1998;80:841–52.  https://doi.org/10.1002/bjs.18002610104.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Di Giacomo G, Costantini A, de Gasperis N, et al. Coracoid graft osteolysis after the Latarjet procedure for anteroinferior shoulder instability: a computed tomography scan study of twenty-six patients. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2011;20:989–95.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2010.11.016.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Zhu YM, Jiang C, Song G, et al. Arthroscopic Latarjet procedure with anterior capsular reconstruction: clinical outcome and radiologic evaluation with a minimum 2-year follow-up. Arthroscopy. 2017;33:2128–35.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2017.06.014.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Kordasiewicz B, Małachowski K, Kicinski M, et al. Comparative study of open and arthroscopic coracoid transfer for shoulder anterior instability (Latarjet)—clinical results at short term follow-up. Int Orthop. 2017;41:1023–33.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00264-016-3372-3.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Di Giacomo G, de Gasperis N, Costantini A, et al. Does the presence of glenoid bone loss influence coracoid bone graft osteolysis after the Latarjet procedure? A computed tomography scan study in 2 groups of patients with and without glenoid bone loss. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2014;23:514–8.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2013.10.005.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Giannakos A, Vezeridis PS, Schwartz DG, et al. All-arthroscopic revision Eden-Hybinette procedure for failed instability surgery: technique and preliminary results. Arthroscopy. 2017;33:39–48.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2016.05.021.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Haeni DL, Opsomer G, Sood A, et al. Three-dimensional volume measurement of coracoid graft osteolysis after arthroscopic Latarjet procedure. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2017;26:484–9.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2016.08.007.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Lafosse T, Amsallem L, Delgrande D, et al. Arthroscopic screw removal after arthroscopic latarjet procedure. Arthrosc Tech. 2017;6:e559–66.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eats.2016.12.002.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Ghodadra N, Gupta A, Romeo AA, et al. Normalization of glenohumeral articular contact pressures after Latarjet or iliac crest bone-grafting. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2010;92:1478–89.  https://doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.I.00220.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Cunningham G, Benchouk S, Kherad O, Lädermann A. Comparison of arthroscopic and open Latarjet with a learning curve analysis. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2016;24:540–5.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-015-3910-3.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Mizuno N, Denard PJ, Raiss P, et al. Long-term results of the Latarjet procedure for anterior instability of the shoulder. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2014;23:1691–9.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2014.02.015.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Hovelius L, Sandström B, Sundgren K, Saebö M. One hundred eighteen Bristow-Latarjet repairs for recurrent anterior dislocation of the shoulder prospectively followed for fifteen years: study I: clinical results. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2004;13:509–16.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2004.02.013.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Samilson RL, Prieto V. Dislocation arthropathy of the shoulder. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1983;65:456–60.  https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-198365040-00005.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Provencher MT, Ghodadra N, LeClere L, et al. Anatomic osteochondral glenoid reconstruction for recurrent glenohumeral instability with glenoid deficiency using a distal tibia allograft. Arthroscopy. 2009;25:446–52.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2008.10.017.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Tokish JM, Fitzpatrick K, Cook JB, Mallon WJ. Arthroscopic distal clavicular autograft for treating shoulder instability with glenoid bone loss. Arthrosc Tech. 2014;3:e475–81.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eats.2014.05.006.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Castagna A, Garofalo R, Melito G, et al. The role of arthroscopy in the revision of failed Latarjet procedures. Musculoskelet Surg. 2010;94:S47–55.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12306-010-0060-0.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Millett PJ, Horan MP, Pennock AT, Rios D. Comprehensive Arthroscopic Management (CAM) procedure: clinical results of a joint-preserving arthroscopic treatment for young, active patients with advanced shoulder osteoarthritis. Arthroscopy. 2013;29:440–8.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2012.10.028.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Levy DM, Cole BJ, Bach BR. History of surgical intervention of anterior shoulder instability. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2016;25:e139–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Scheibel M, Kraus N. Arthroskopische Pfannenrandrekonstruktion mit autologer Spanplastik. Orthopade. 2011;40:52–60.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00132-010-1679-0.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Longo UG i, Loppini M, Rizzello G, et al. Latarjet, Bristow, and Eden-Hybinette procedures for anterior shoulder dislocation: systematic review and quantitative synthesis of the literature. Arthroscopy. 2014;30:1184–211.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2014.04.005.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Scheibel M, Kraus N, Diederichs G, Haas NP. Arthroscopic reconstruction of chronic anteroinferior glenoid defect using an autologous tricortical iliac crest bone grafting technique. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2008;128:1295–300.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00402-007-0509-2.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Kraus N, Amphansap T, Gerhardt C, Scheibel M. Arthroscopic anatomic glenoid reconstruction using an autologous iliac crest bone grafting technique. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2014;23:1700–8.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2014.03.004.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Taverna E, Golanò P, Pascale V, Battistella F. An arthroscopic bone graft procedure for treating anterior-inferior glenohumeral instability. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2008;16:872–5.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-008-0541-y.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Bockmann B, Venjakob AJ, Reichwein F, et al. Mid-term clinical results of an arthroscopic glenoid rim reconstruction technique for recurrent anterior shoulder instability. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2018;138:1557–62.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00402-018-2964-3.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Auffarth A, Schauer J, Matis N, et al. The J-bone graft for anatomical glenoid reconstruction in recurrent posttraumatic anterior shoulder dislocation. Am J Sports Med. 2008;36:638–47.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546507309672.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Auffarth A, Kralinger F, Resch H. Anatomical glenoid reconstruction via a J-bone graft for recurrent posttraumatic anterior shoulder dislocation. Oper Orthop Traumatol. 2011;23:453–61.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00064-011-0055-5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Moroder P, Plachel F, Becker J, et al. Clinical and radiological long-term results after implant-free, autologous, iliac crest bone graft procedure for the treatment of anterior shoulder instability. Am J Sports Med. 2018;46:2975–80.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546518795165.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Anderl W, Pauzenberger L, Laky B, et al. Arthroscopic implant-free bone grafting for shoulder instability with glenoid bone loss: clinical and radiological outcome at a minimum 2-year follow-up. Am J Sports Med. 2016;44:1137–45.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546515625283.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Pauzenberger L, Dyrna F, Obopilwe E, et al. Biomechanical evaluation of glenoid reconstruction with an implant-free j-bone graft for anterior glenoid bone loss. Am J Sports Med. 2017;45:2849–57.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546517716927.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Moroder P, Hirzinger C, Lederer S, et al. Restoration of anterior glenoid bone defects in posttraumatic recurrent anterior shoulder instability using the J-bone graft shows anatomic graft remodeling. Am J Sports Med. 2012;40:1544–50.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546512446681.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Deml C, Kaiser P, van Leeuwen WF, et al. The J-shaped bone graft for anatomic glenoid reconstruction: a 10-year clinical follow-up and computed tomography-osteoabsorptiometry study. Am J Sports Med. 2016;44:2778–83.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546516665816.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Zumstein MA, Jost B, Gerber C. Instability of the shoulder in athletes. Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Sport und Sport. 2005;53:27–35.Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    McLaughlin HL. Posterior dislocation of the shoulder. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1952;24 A:584–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Scott DJ. Treatment of recurrent posterior dislocations of the shoulder by glenoplasty. Report of three cases. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1967;49:471–6.  https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-196749030-00005.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Gerber C, Ganz R, Vinh TS. Glenoplasty for recurrent posterior shoulder instability. An anatomic reappraisal. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1987:70–9.Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Schwartz DG, Goebel S, Piper K, et al. Arthroscopic posterior bone block augmentation in posterior shoulder instability. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2013;22:1092–101.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2012.09.011.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Cerciello S, Visonà E, Morris BJ, Corona K. Bone block procedures in posterior shoulder instability. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2016;24:604–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Sirveaux F, Leroux J, Roche O, et al. Traitement de l’instabilité postérieure de l’épaule par butée iliaque ou acromiale: À propos d’une série de 18 cas. Rev Chir Orthop Reparatrice Appar Mot. 2004;90:411–9.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0035-1040(04)70167-1.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Servien E, Walch G, Cortes ZE, et al. Posterior bone block procedure for posterior shoulder instability. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2007;15:1130–6.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-007-0316-x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Clavert P, Furioli E, Andieu K, et al. Clinical outcomes of posterior bone block procedures for posterior shoulder instability: multicenter retrospective study of 66 cases. Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 2017;103:S193–7.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.otsr.2017.08.006.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Haeni D, Sanchez M, Johannes P, et al. Arthroscopic double bone block augmentation is a salvage procedure for anterior and posterior shoulder instability secondary to glenoid bone loss. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2018;26:2447–53.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-018-4975-6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ion-Andrei Popescu
    • 1
  • David Haeni
    • 2
  1. 1.Romanian Shoulder Institute, Zetta HospitalBucharestRomania
  2. 2.Leonardo Praxis, Hirslanden Klinik BirshofBaselSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations