Making John Redmond ‘the Irish [Louis] Botha’: The Dominion Dimensions of the Anglo-Irish Settlement, c. 1906–1922
Colonial analogies profoundly informed debates about Irish self-government. William Gladstone drew on the precedent of Canada. Cecil Rhodes was substantially responsible for ensuring continuing Irish representation at Westminster in the second Home Rule Bill. In 1899–1902, nationalists were inspired by Boer resistance, while the imperialism of Ulster unionism was strengthened. Nationalists were encouraged by the restoration of responsible government to the former Boer republics, which led to calls to ‘make [John] Redmond an Irish Botha’ and government attempts to resolve the problem of Irish nationalism based on examples of what were thought to be similarly bicultural ‘white’ societies. The guerrilla struggle that followed drew on Boer precedents. General Jan Smuts helped to bring about the Truce. In 1922, Ireland acquired the dominion status of Canada.