Demographic Profile of Syrians in Belgium

  • Sophie Vause
  • Bruno Schoumaker
Part of the European Studies of Population book series (ESPO, volume 20)


There were about 9000 Syrians who had been granted a refugee status in Belgium in 2017. According to UNHCR, this represents about 0.1% of all Syrian refugees outside Syria, and 1.1% of Syrian refugees within the EU. Most of them arrived in Belgium recently as asylum seekers and were usually granted international protection quickly after their arrival. More recently, Syrians have also gradually arrived in Belgium by other legal means, especially through family reunification. As a result, the population of Syrian origin has increased rapidly to reach about 23,000 in 2017, including refugees. In this chapter, we assemble statistics from various sources to document the population of Syrian origin living in Belgium. We first describe migration flows, distinguishing between asylum migration and other types of migration. Next, we show how these flows have influenced the size and the composition of the population of Syrian origin living in Belgium. Finally, we briefly describe family arrangements and labor market participation of the population of Syrian origin.


Belgium Syrian refugees Asylum seekers Family reunification Estimated flows Residence permits Demographic changes 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sophie Vause
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bruno Schoumaker
    • 2
  1. 1.Federal Centre for Migration (Myria)BrusselsBelgium
  2. 2.Centre for Demographic ResearchUniversité catholique de LouvainLouvain-la-NeuveBelgium

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