Liver Diseases pp 261-272 | Cite as

The Paucity of Interlobular Bile Ducts

  • Consolato M. SergiEmail author


The remodeling of interlobular bile ducts is a fascinating interplay in the perinatal liver. There are excretory structures that need to be built to drain bile from the hepatocytes. These structures are vital for the wellbeing of the organism and are built during the ontogenesis of the liver, which plays a major role in life. The bile flows from the bile canaliculus of two adjacent hepatocytes through the Hering’s canals into the interlobular bile ducts, which are in the portal triads between the hepatic lobules. The interlobular bile ducts will transfer the bile to segmental bile ducts and major bile ducts, which converge into the right and left major bile ducts. Finally, the bile reaches the common bile duct and ductus choledochus following joining with the cystic duct of the gallbladder. The ductus choledochus discharges at the duodenal papilla. The proper remodeling of the primitive (embryonic) ductal plate of the liver is at the basis of the formation of the interlobular bile ducts, which are positioned about three diameters from the portal artery and lined by healthy cholangiocytes. A paucity of the interlobular bile ducts (PIBD) is defined as an interlobular bile duct to portal tract (IBD/PT) ratio of 0.5 or less in a needle liver biopsy. In this chapter, the paucity of interlobular bile ducts is reviewed into three paragraphs, including the cholangiocyte structure, the ductal plate remodeling of the liver, and the clinical and genetic syndromes associated with the lack or scarcity of the IBDs.


Liver Ductal plate Cholangiocyte Paucity Interlobular bile ducts Genetics Dysmorphology 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Laboratory Medicine and PathologyUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada
  2. 2.Stollery Children’s HospitalEdmontonCanada

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