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Liver Diseases pp 161-172 | Cite as

Parasitic Liver Diseases

  • Yousry Hawash
Chapter

Abstract

There are a group of parasites that have been identified to cause human infections with liver involvement. These parasites are widely-distributed in the tropical and subtropical countries. Nonetheless, there is a growing number of patients with parasitic liver diseases reported in developed countries due to the widespread travel to and from tropical regions. Moreover, the extensive use of the immunosuppressive medications in treating several chronic inflammatory diseases and following organs transplantation, has increased the incidence of such type of infections in non-endemic settings. The etiologic parasites are categorized into protozoa, helminths, and arthropods, of these, the first two classes are the most common. Infections are often asymptomatic and self-limited in well-nourished patients with normal immunity. However, in immunosuppressed individuals, infections end to be more aggressive and even lethal in some cases. Thus, diagnosis of the liver parasitosis mandates a high index of clinical suspicion before laboratory testing. In this chapter, the liver involvement in some of the clinically-relevant parasitic infections will be reviewed. A basic knowledge about the key clinical, diagnostic, epidemiological and histopathologic features of these parasitic infections will be briefly-discussed.

Keywords

Liver parasites Liver parasitosis Hepatobiliary parasites Protozoa Helminths 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yousry Hawash
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medical and Molecular Parasitology, The National Liver InstituteMenoufia UniversityMenoufiaEgypt

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