Is Beauty in the Eye of the Beholder or an Objective Truth? A Neuroscientific Answer

  • Hassan AleemEmail author
  • Maria Pombo
  • Ivan Correa-Herran
  • Norberto M. Grzywacz
Part of the Springer Series on Bio- and Neurosystems book series (SSBN, volume 10)


Is beauty subjective or objective? Once limited to Philosophy, this question is increasingly capturing scientists’ attention. Here, we discuss neuroscientific support for both viewpoints. Our discussion includes the Processing Fluency Theory and a reinforcement-learning model of aesthetic values. We conclude both aspects of beauty derive from utilitarian brain mechanisms.


Processing fluency Reinforcement learning Aesthetics Objectivity Subjectivity 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hassan Aleem
    • 1
    Email author
  • Maria Pombo
    • 2
  • Ivan Correa-Herran
    • 3
    • 4
  • Norberto M. Grzywacz
    • 1
    • 3
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Interdisciplinary Program in NeuroscienceGeorgetown UniversityWashington D.CUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyGeorgetown UniversityWashington D.CUSA
  3. 3.Department of NeuroscienceGeorgetown UniversityWashington D.CUSA
  4. 4.Facultad de ArtesUniversidad Nacional de ColombiaBogotáColombia
  5. 5.Department of PhysicsGeorgetown UniversityWashington D.CUSA
  6. 6.Graduate School of Arts and SciencesGeorgetown UniversityWashington D.CUSA

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