Open and Percutaneous Dilation Tracheostomy

  • Joseph R. Esparaz
  • Charles J. Aprahamian


This chapter describes the surgical procedure for tracheostomy as performed by the following approach: open and percutaneous dilation. The text includes an introduction that outlines the indications, risks, alternatives, essential steps, needed equipment, and variations in technique for the procedure in question. This is followed by a template operative dictation, which provides the reader with an operative report, such as is found in a patient chart or electronic medical record. A description is provided of the following critical concepts for this procedure, including various tracheostomy incisions, the mature stoma tracheostomy technique, and the technical variation with percutaneous dilation, including bronchoscopy.


Pediatric surgery Operative dictation Open tracheostomy Percutaneous tracheostomy Surgical airway Head and neck surgery 

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph R. Esparaz
    • 1
  • Charles J. Aprahamian
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria; OSF Children’s Hospital of IllinoisDepartment of SurgeryPeoriaUSA
  2. 2.OSF Children’s Hospital of IllinoisDivision of Pediatric Surgery, Department of SurgeryPeoriaUSA

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