Flexible Bronchoscopy

  • Carlos Andrés de la Torre Ramos


This chapter describes the endoscopic procedure for flexible bronchoscopy. The text includes an introduction that outlines the indications, risks, alternatives, essential steps, needed equipment, and variations in technique for the procedure in question. This is followed by a template operative dictation, which provides the reader with an operative report, such as that found in a patient chart or electronic medical record. A description is provided of the following critical concepts for this procedure: patient positioning, assessment of nasopharynx, pharynx, supraglottic and subglottic airway, and tracheobronchial tree, and diagnostic and therapeutic maneuvers.


Pediatric surgery Operative dictation Flexible bronchoscopy Endoscopy Airway Bronchoalveolar lavage 

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos Andrés de la Torre Ramos
    • 1
  1. 1.University Hospital La Paz, Pediatric SurgeryMadridSpain

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