Two-Incision Four-Compartment Lower Extremity Fasciotomy
This chapter describes the surgical procedure for two-incision four-compartment lower extremity fasciotomy. The text includes an introduction that outlines the indications, risks, alternatives, essential steps, needed equipment, and variations in technique. This introduction is followed by a template operative dictation. A description of the following critical concepts for this procedure: identifying landmarks for planning surgical incisions, lateral skin incision from upper leg to the ankle, identification of the intramuscular septum, H-type longitudinal incision in the fascia of the anterior and lateral compartments, medial skin incision from the upper leg to the ankle, incision of superficial fascia, longitudinal incision of the soleus muscle until the posterior fascia can be identified, and fascial release of the deep compartment.