Rigid and Flexible Esophagoscopy for Foreign Body Removal

  • William B. Rothstein
  • Laura A. BoomerEmail author


This chapter describes the endoscopic procedures for removal of esophageal foreign bodies. Included is an introduction that outlines the indications, risks, alternatives, key steps, equipment needed, and variations in technique for the procedure, namely the use of rigid versus flexible endoscopes and the use of different types of retrieval devices. A template operative dictation is then included, providing the reader with a detailed operative report that is similar to what would be found in the patient medical record. A description is provided of the following critical concepts for this procedure: patient positioning with neck extended, intubation of upper esophageal sphincter under direct visualization, and manipulation of foreign body with long grasping forceps.


Pediatric surgery Operative dictation Esophagoscopy Foreign body Foreign body removal 

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Virginia Commonwealth University Health System, Department of SurgeryRichmondUSA
  2. 2.Children’s Hospital of Richmond, Virginia Commonwealth University, Department of Pediatric SurgeryRichmondUSA

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